kalja

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Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *kaleja or *kaleta, from an early Indo-European language; compare Proto-Indo-European *h₂el-u-t- ‎(beer) (Proto-Slavic *olъ, Proto-Germanic *alu, Old Prussian alu, Old Armenian աւղի ‎(awłi)). Akin to olut, a later borrowing from Baltic or Germanic, and to Estonian kali.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kalja

  1. (colloquial) beer
  2. short for kotikalja
  3. kvass

Declension[edit]

Inflection of kalja (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative kalja kaljat
genitive kaljan kaljojen
partitive kaljaa kaljoja
illative kaljaan kaljoihin
singular plural
nominative kalja kaljat
accusative nom. kalja kaljat
gen. kaljan
genitive kaljan kaljojen
kaljainrare
partitive kaljaa kaljoja
inessive kaljassa kaljoissa
elative kaljasta kaljoista
illative kaljaan kaljoihin
adessive kaljalla kaljoilla
ablative kaljalta kaljoilta
allative kaljalle kaljoille
essive kaljana kaljoina
translative kaljaksi kaljoiksi
instructive kaljoin
abessive kaljatta kaljoitta
comitative kaljoineen

Usage notes[edit]

The difference between kalja and Russian kvass is that the former is made from malt whereas kvass is made of bread. Due to the similarity, also kvass is often called kalja in Finnish.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]