ke- -an

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See also: kean

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Malay ke- -an, from Proto-Austronesian *ka- -an.

Circumfix[edit]

ke- -an

  1. -ness; appended to adjectives to form nouns meaning "the state of (the adjective)", "the quality of (the adjective)", or "the measure of (the adjective)"
    kebaratanwestness
    ketimuraneastness
    kebesaranhugeness
    kehausanthirst
  2. -ship; appended to a noun to form a new noun denoting a property or state of being, time spent in a role, or a specialised union.
    kepemimpinanleadership
  3. -dom; Forming nouns denoting the domain or jurisdiction of the suffixed word.
    kerajaankingdom
  4. -ity; Used to form a noun from an adjective; especially, to form the noun referring to the state, property, or quality of conforming to the adjective's description.
    keelastisanelasticity

Etymology 2[edit]

From Betawi ke- -an

Circumfix[edit]

ke- -an

  1. to suffer or to get of noun or verb bases.
    racun (poison) + ‎ke- -an → ‎keracunan (poisoned)
    ciprat + ‎ke- -an → ‎kecipratan
    lapar + ‎ke- -an → ‎kelaparan (to suffer from hunger)
    hilang + ‎ke- -an → ‎kehilangan (to suffer the loss of)
Usage notes[edit]

Sometimes denoted as informal or colloquial.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Javanese ke- -en.

Circumfix[edit]

ke- -an

  1. (usually colloquial) adjective forming for very [base] or exceed, affixed into adjective, adverb, or noun.
    sempit + ‎ke- -an → ‎kesempitan
    kecil (small) + ‎ke- -an → ‎kekecilan
    malam (night) + ‎ke- -an → ‎kemalaman

Derived terms[edit]


Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Malay ke- -an, from Proto-Austronesian *ka- -an.

Pronunciation[edit]

Circumfix[edit]

ke- -an

  1. -ness; appended to adjectives to form nouns meaning "the state of (the adjective)", "the quality of (the adjective)", or "the measure of (the adjective)"
    kebaratanwestness
    ketimuraneastness
    kebesaranhugeness