kinuboila

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Dacian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Thracian (Bessian) sinupyla/dinupula[1] (< */ðinupula/ < *þinupula, with Lat. d- for Thracian /ð/[2]) ("bryony, Bryonia alba"). Akin to Lithuanian šùnobuolas[3][4] m., Lithuanian šùnobelė (buckthorn, crab-tree, Rhamnus) f., literally "dog's pumpkin" (cf. Lith. šuñs, obuolỹs), from the same dialectal Indo-European archetype *ḱun-abōlā[5][6] (f.) "kind of plant (lit. "dog's apple")", a compound of *ḱun- (oblique stem of Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ (dog)) + Proto-Indo-European *h₂ébōl (apple). The unexpected "centum" reflex in Dacian kin- represents the early depalatalization rule[7] which neutralized IE palatals "before (non-syllabic) resonants"[8][9] or next to the vowel *u (or its corresponding glide *w)[10].

Noun[edit]

kinuboila (f) (κινούβοιλα[11])

  1. bryony, Bryonia alba.

Related terms[edit]

Thracian sinupyla (bryony, Bryonia alba)[12].

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ps.-Apuleius, Herbarius 67,8.
  2. ^ Duridanov, Ivan (1985). Die Sprache der Thraker, In: Bulgarische Sammlung Band 5 - Hieronymus Verlag, Neuried, Germany, 1985, ISBN 3-88893-031-6. pp. 116, 120.
  3. ^ Blažek, Vaclav (2014). Review of "Kroonen, Guus. Etymological dictionary of Proto-Germanic", In: Linguistica Brunensia, 2014, vol. 62, iss. 1, ISSN 1803-7410. p. 115.
  4. ^ Tomaschek, Wilhelm (1894). Die alten Thraker, II. Die Sprachreste, Band 131 (1894). In: Sitzungsberichte der philosophisch-historischen Classe der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. pp.34-35.
  5. ^ Georgiev, Vladimir I. (1977). Trakite i texnijat ezik [The Thracians and their language], Izdatelstvo na Bulgarskata Akademija na Naukite, Sofia, 1977. p.14.
  6. ^ Velkova, Živka (1986). "The Thracian Glosses: Contribution to the Study of the Thracian Vocabulary", Hakkert, Amsterdam, ISBN 9789025608644, 1986. pp.62-63.
  7. ^ Kortlandt, Frederik (2013). "Palatovelars before syllabic resonants: another look". Baltistica 48/1 (2013), ISSN: 0132-6503. pp. 13-17.
  8. ^ Blažek, Vaclav (2004). Indo-European "apple(s)" in: Die Indogermanistik und ihre Anrainer - Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen der Universität Innsbruck, 2004, ISBN 3851246969. pp. 11-30.
  9. ^ Hamp, Eric Pratt (1960). "Palatal before resonant in Albanian". Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung 76, Göttingen, ISSN 09372229. pp. 275-80.
  10. ^ Similarly to the Boukólos rule.
  11. ^ Dioscurides Medicus, De Materia Medica 4, 182 RV.
  12. ^ Ps.-Apuleius, Herbarius 67,8.