kriegen

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See also: Kriegen

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German kriegen (to war, to conquer property or land). Verbalisation of Krieg (war).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Standard, Germany) IPA(key): /ˈkriːɡən/, [ˈkʰʁ̞̊iːɡ(ə)n], [ˈkʰʁ̞̊iːŋ̩]
  • (Southern Germany) IPA(key): /'kriəgən/, ['kriɐg̊ɐn], [kʁ̞̊iɛgɐ(n)]
  • Hyphenation: krie‧gen
  • Rhymes: -iːɡən

Verb[edit]

kriegen (third-person singular simple present kriegt, past tense kriegte, past participle gekriegt, auxiliary haben)

  1. (chiefly colloquial) to get
  2. (chiefly colloquial) to catch, to come down with
  3. (dated, rare) to war

Usage notes[edit]

  • Kriegen is relatively infrequent in the formal standard language, which prefers bekommen or erhalten instead. However, kriegen is very frequent in colloquial German, where the verb often retains the vowel shortening that is occurring in local dialects in the second and third person singular of verbs. Thus, (du) kriegst is often pronounced IPA(key): /kʁɪs(t)/, (er) kriegt may be IPA(key): /kʁɪkt/, /kʁɪç(t)/. These pronunciations are not used for the rare sense “to war”.

Conjugation[edit]

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Derived terms[edit]


Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German krigen. Verbalisation of krig (war). Compare German kriegen, Dutch krijgen.

Verb[edit]

kriegen (past singular kreeg, past participle kregen, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. to get
  2. to catch
  3. to come down with

Conjugation[edit]