kuolm

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Livonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kolme, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kolme. Cognate with Estonian kolm and Finnish kolme.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

kuolm

  1. (cardinal) three
    • Tiit-Rein Viitso, Valts Ernštreits (2012–2013), Līvõkīel-ēstikīel-lețkīel sõnārōntõz, Tartu, Rīga: TÜ, LVA
      kuolm āigastõ nūoŗim
      three years younger
      kuolm āigastõ vanā
      three years old
      kuolm āigastõks
      for three years

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Kuolm is among a number of words that have an instructive case form – kuolmiņ (meaning "in sets of three" or "in groups of three").[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Renāte Blumberga, Tapio Mäkeläinen, Karl Pajusalu (2013), Lībieši: vēsture, valoda un kultūra, Rīga: Līvõ Kultūr sidām, ISBN 978-9984-49-730-3