kvieši

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Latvian[edit]

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 kvieši on Latvian Wikipedia
Kvieši

Etymology[edit]

From an earlier *kvietis (plural kvieši, genitive *kvietya > kvieša, from which a new singular kviesis was formed by analogy), from Proto-Baltic *kʷiet-, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷeyt-(to shine; bright; white), from a stem *kew-, *ḱew-(to shine; bright) with an extra -t. The original meaning was probably “light, bright one” > “wheat,” given its color. Cognates include Lithuanian kviečiaĩ, singular kvietỹs, Proto-Germanic *hwaitja- (Old Norse hveiti, Norwegian kveite, Old High German weize, German Weizen, Old English hwæte, English wheat.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

kvieši m (2nd declension)

  1. wheat (esp. Triticum aestivum)
    kviešu milti‎ ― wheat flour
    kviešu maize‎ ― wheat bread
    kviešu lauks‎ ― wheat field
    sēt kviešus‎ ― to sow wheat
    pļaut kviešus‎ ― to mow wheat


Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

There is a singular form kviesis, only sporadically attested (usually to refer to the plant). There is also a family name Kviesis.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “kvieši”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7