léir

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See also: leir, leír, and lèir

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish léir, from Proto-Celtic *lēris.

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

léir (genitive singular feminine léire, plural léire, comparative léire)

  1. clear
  2. distinct
  3. clever
  4. explicit
  5. evident
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

léir

  1. inflection of léar:
    1. vocative/genitive singular masculine
    2. (archaic) dative singular feminine

Etymology 2[edit]

Inflected form of léigh.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

léir

  1. (archaic, Munster) second-person singular present indicative/subjunctive of léigh

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *lēris (diligent, assiduous)

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

léir

  1. assiduous, earnest, careful, zealous
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 14d3
      cid écen aisndís do neuch as doruid co léir, ní sechmalfaider cuimre and dano
      though it is necessary to explain carefully anything that is difficult, however brevity will not be passed by
  2. (later) visible, perceptible

Declension[edit]

i-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative léir léir léir
Vocative léir
Accusative léir léir
Genitive léir léire léir
Dative léir léir léir
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative léiri léiri
Vocative léiri
Accusative léiri
Genitive léir*
léire
Dative léirib
Notes *not when substantivized

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: léir
  • Scottish Gaelic: lèir

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
léir
also lléir after a proclitic
léir
pronounced with /l(ʲ)-/
unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Adjective[edit]

léir

  1. Superseded spelling of lèir.