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See also: lens, Lens, and Lëns



From Proto-Indo-European *ley-, *lē-, *le- (to let, to allow) (whence also Latvian laist (to let, to allow), q.v.) with a suffix -no. The semantic evolution was probably: “which is allowed (to do something)” > “not dangerous, gentle, calm” > “slow.” Cognates include Lithuanian lė́nas (slow, peaceful), Russian лень (len', laziness), Czech líný (slow, lazy), Polish leń (lazy person), Latin lēnis (gentle, slow).[1]




lēns (def. lēnais, comp. lēnāks, sup. vislēnākais; irreg. adv. lēni, lēnām, lēnu)

  1. slow (which moves so as to cover relatively small distances in every time interval)
    lēns gājējs, braucējsslow walker, rider
    lēns vilciensslow train
    lēna upeslow river
    lēns vējšslow wind
  2. (of events, actions) slow (which does not happen quickly, swiftly)
    lēns brauciensslow ride
    lēna iešanaslow walk
    lēns darba ritmsslow work rhythm
    lēna domāšanaslow thinking
    lēna ugunsslow fire (i.e., with low flames)
  3. (of time periods) slow (without much action, without much happening)
    lēns vakarsslow evening
  4. (of people) calm, meek, peaceful (who usually does not become angry, worried, who does not react quickly; (of animals) who is not wild, angry)
    lēns cilvēkspeaceful person
    lēna meitenepeaceful girl
    lēns raksturscalm, peaceful character
    lēns ka jērspeaceful as a lamb
    lēns sunsnice, calm (not wild) dog
  5. (of people, animals) slow (who does not move, work, or act quickly)
    lēns strādnieksslow worker
    lēns zirgsslow horse



Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “lēns”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7