lēns

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See also: lens, Lens, and Lëns

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ley-, *lē-, *le-(to let, to allow) (whence also Latvian laist(to let, to allow), q.v.) with a suffix -no. The semantic evolution was probably: “which is allowed (to do something)” > “not dangerous, gentle, calm” > “slow.” Cognates include Lithuanian lė́nas(slow, peaceful), Russian лень(len', laziness), Czech líný(slow, lazy), Polish leń(lazy person), Latin lēnis(gentle, slow).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Adjective[edit]

lēns (def. lēnais, comp. lēnāks, sup. vislēnākais; irreg. adv. lēni, lēnām, lēnu)

  1. slow (which moves so as to cover relatively small distances in every time interval)
    lēns gājējs, braucējs‎ ― slow walker, rider
    lēns vilciens‎ ― slow train
    lēna upe‎ ― slow river
    lēns vējš‎ ― slow wind
  2. (of events, actions) slow (which does not happen quickly, swiftly)
    lēns brauciens‎ ― slow ride
    lēna iešana‎ ― slow walk
    lēns darba ritms‎ ― slow work rhythm
    lēna domāšana‎ ― slow thinking
    lēna uguns‎ ― slow fire (i.e., with low flames)
  3. (of time periods) slow (without much action, without much happening)
    lēns vakars‎ ― slow evening
  4. (of people) calm, meek, peaceful (who usually does not become angry, worried, who does not react quickly; (of animals) who is not wild, angry)
    lēns cilvēks‎ ― peaceful person
    lēna meitene‎ ― peaceful girl
    lēns raksturs‎ ― calm, peaceful character
    lēns ka jērs‎ ― peaceful as a lamb
    lēns suns‎ ― nice, calm (not wild) dog
  5. (of people, animals) slow (who does not move, work, or act quickly)
    lēns strādnieks‎ ― slow worker
    lēns zirgs‎ ― slow horse

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “lēns”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7