lac

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

From Portuguese laca, from Hindi लाख (lākh)/Urdu لاکھ(lākh) or cognates in other Indo-Aryan languages, from Sanskrit लक्ष (lakṣa).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /læk/
    • (file)

Noun[edit]

lac (countable and uncountable, plural lacs)

  1. A resinous substance produced mainly on the banyan tree by the female of Kerria lacca, a scale insect.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

lac (plural lacs)

  1. Alternative spelling of lakh

Etymology 3[edit]

From Cadillac.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lac (plural lacs)

  1. (slang) Clipping of Cadillac.
    Synonyms: caddie, caddy
    Last night I was driving around in my lac.
    • 1992, Big Mello, Bone Hard Zaggin, Rap-A-Lot Records, track 5. "Mac's Drive 'Lac's"
      Macs drive lacs.
    • 2005, “Drive Slow”, in Late Registration, performed by Kanye West:
      The candy gloss is immaculate, it's simply amazing / Them elbows poking wide on that candy ’Lac

Etymology 4[edit]

From laceration.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /læs/

Noun[edit]

lac (countable and uncountable, plural lacs)

  1. (medicine, colloquial) Laceration.
    hand lac

Anagrams[edit]


Aromanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin lacus (lake), from Proto-Italic *lakus, from Proto-Indo-European *lókus (lake, pool).

Noun[edit]

lac

  1. lake

Dalmatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin lacus (lake), from Proto-Italic *lakus, from Proto-Indo-European *lókus (lake, pool).

Noun[edit]

lac m

  1. lake

Franco-Provençal[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin lacus (lake), from Proto-Italic *lakus, from Proto-Indo-European *lókus (lake, pool). Compare Aragonese laco, Catalan llac, Esperanto lago, French lac, Italian lago, Maltese lag, Portuguese lago, Romanian lac, Sardinian lagu, Spanish lago.

Noun[edit]

lac m

  1. lake

French[edit]

French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French lac, from Old French lac, a replacement of earlier lai (pit, trench, ditch, grave, mere, pond) (see Old French lac). Generally inferred as a borrowing of Latin lacus (lake), from Proto-Italic *lakus, from Proto-Indo-European *lókus (lake, pool). Compare Aragonese laco, Catalan llac, Esperanto lago, Italian lago, Maltese lag, Portuguese lago, Romanian lac, Sardinian lagu, Spanish lago.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lac m (plural lacs)

  1. lake

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


K'iche'[edit]

Noun[edit]

lac

  1. (Classical K'iche') plate

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *dlakts, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵlákt n (gen. *ǵlaktós) (compare Ancient Greek γάλα (gála, milk), Old Armenian կաթն (katʿn), Albanian dhallë (buttermilk), Waigali zōr (milk), Hittite [script needed] (galaktar, balm, resin)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lac n sg (genitive lactis); third declension

  1. milk
    Cum lacte nutricis.With the nurse's milk.
  2. for something sweet, pleasant
    In melle sunt linguae sitae vostrae atque orationes, lacteque; corda felle sunt lita, atque acerbo aceto.
    In honey your tongues and speeches are dipped, and in milk; your hearts are smeared with gall and with bitter vinegar. (Plautus)
    Ut mentes ... satiari velut quodam jucundioris disciplinae lacte patiantur.
    That minds may endure being satisfied as by the milk of a more pleasant discipline. (Quintilian)
  3. milky juice
    Lac herbae.Milk of a plant.
    cum lacte veneni.with poisonous milk.
    • c. 1st century BCE, Anonymous (formerly misattributed to Ovid), Nux
      Lamina mollis adhuc tenero dum lacte, quod intro est,
      nec mala sunt ulli nostra futura bono.
      As their nutshell still remains soft with something tenderly milky inside,
      my future fruits are not good to anyone.
  4. (poetic) milk-white color
    • 2 CE, Publius Ovidius Naso, Ars Amatoria I.290:
      Forte sub umbrosis nemorosae vallibus Idae
      candidus, armenti gloria, taurus erat,
      signatus tenui media inter cornua nigro;
      una fuit labes, cetera lactis erant.
      As fortune had it, in the shadowy valleys of forested Ida,
      there was a white bull, the glory of its herd,
      marked by slightly black colour between its horns;
      the blemish was (only) one, the rest were milk-white.

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem), singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative lac
Genitive lactis
Dative lactī
Accusative lac
Ablative lacte
Vocative lac

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Romance descendants seem to descend from the archaic/vulgar form lacte and not lac itself”

References[edit]

  • lac in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lac in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lac in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to imbibe error from one's mother's breasts: errorem cum lacte nutricis sugere (Tusc. 3. 1. 2)

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French lac, from Latin lacus (lake), from Proto-Italic *lakus, from Proto-Indo-European *lókus (lake, pool).

Noun[edit]

lac m (plural lacs)

  1. (Jersey, geography) lake

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *laiką, from *laiko- (play), compare *laikaną. Cognates include Old Norse leikr (whence Danish leg (game), Swedish leka (to play)), Gothic 𐌻𐌰𐌹𐌺𐍃 (laiks, dance).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lāc n or f

  1. play, sport
  2. battle, strife
  3. gift, offering, sacrifice, booty; message
    • Hie drihtne lac begen brohton.
      They both brought an offering to the Lord.

Declension[edit]

when neuter
when feminine

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Generally assumed to be a borrowing of Latin lacus (basin, tank, tub, reservoir, pond), displacing the native Old French lai (pit, grave, trench, mere, pond), inherited from the same Latin term, by the early 13th century. Latin lacus derives from Proto-Italic *lakus, from Proto-Indo-European *lókus (lake, pool),

The displacement of Old French lai may have been assisted by influence from early Middle English lac, lace (lake, pond, pool", also "pit, ditch, trench), from Old English lacu (pool, pond, lake), due to lac's sudden spread in Old French following the annexation of English controlled Normandy into the kingdom of France in 1204. A full-out borrowing of the term from Middle English rather than from the Latin is also not an impossibility, as the earliest attestations of Old French lac are in the Eadwine Psalter (written by Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Norman scribes in England) and Erec and Enide (an Arthurian romance, whose author was heavily influenced by English, Anglo-Norman, and Celtic writings).

The Old Occitan lac, laz, latz (snare, noose", also "pit, hole), which some theorise as leading to the Old French form (with c), is actually derived from a different Latin root related to Old French laz (snare, noose, lace), and possibly conflated with Old High German lacha (ditch, trench, pool). See Italian lacca (hole, pit).

Noun[edit]

lac m (oblique plural las, nominative singular las, nominative plural lac)

  1. lake

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle French: lac
    • French: lac
    • Norman: lac (Jersey)

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *laggos, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)leh₁g-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

lac

  1. weak, feeble
  2. (hair) soft, smooth

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
lac
also llac after a proclitic
lac
pronounced with /l(ʲ)-/
unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin lacus (lake), from Proto-Italic *lakus, from Proto-Indo-European *lókus (lake, pool). Compare Aragonese laco, Catalan llac, Esperanto lago, French lac, Italian lago, Maltese lag, Portuguese lago, Sardinian lagu, Spanish lago.

Noun[edit]

lac n (plural lacuri)

  1. lake

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

lac m

  1. paint

Synonyms[edit]


Zazaki[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Middle Armenian լաճ (lač).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lac m

  1. son[2]
    O lacê mıno.He is my son.
    Lacê to lacê mı rê vano.Your son says to my son.
  2. boy
    Çı lacê do rındo.What a beautiful boy.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Todd, Terry Lynn (2008), Brigitte Werner, editor, A Grammar of Dimili (also Known as Zaza)[1], Electronic edition, Giessen: Forum Linguistik in Eurasien e.V., page 145b
  2. ^ Keskin, Mesut (2010), “lac”, in Wörterverzeichnis Zazaki-Deutsch, Deutsch-Zazaki (PDF), page 9a