latus

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

latus ‎(plural latera)

  1. (medicine) Flank.

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Earlier *tlātus, from Proto-Italic *tlātos, from Proto-Indo-European *tl̥h₂tós, from the root *telh₂-. Compare Ancient Greek τλάντος ‎(tlántos, bearing, suffering), τολμέω ‎(tolméō, to carry, bear), τελαμών ‎(telamṓn, broad strap for bearing something), Ἄτλας ‎(Átlas, the 'Bearer' of Heaven), Lithuanian tiltas ‎(bridge), Sanskrit तुला ‎(tulā, balance), तुलयति ‎(tulayati, lifts up, weighs), Latin tollō ‎(to bear, support), tulī ‎(I bore), tolerō ‎(bear, endure), tellūs ‎(bearing earth), Old English þolian ‎(to endure) (English thole), Old Armenian թողում ‎(tʿołum, I allow).

Pronunciation[edit]

Participle[edit]

lātus m ‎(feminine lāta, neuter lātum); first/second declension

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative lātus lāta lātum lātī lātae lāta
genitive lātī lātae lātī lātōrum lātārum lātōrum
dative lātō lātō lātīs
accusative lātum lātam lātum lātōs lātās lāta
ablative lātō lātā lātō lātīs
vocative lāte lāta lātum lātī lātae lāta

Etymology 2[edit]

From earlier stlātus, from Proto-Indo-European *sterh₃- ‎(to stretch out, extend, spread) or *stelh₃- ‎(broad). Also compare stlatta.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

lātus m ‎(feminine lāta, neuter lātum); first/second declension

  1. wide, broad
  2. spacious, extensive
Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative lātus lāta lātum lātī lātae lāta
genitive lātī lātae lātī lātōrum lātārum lātōrum
dative lātō lātō lātīs
accusative lātum lātam lātum lātōs lātās lāta
ablative lātō lātā lātō lātīs
vocative lāte lāta lātum lātī lātae lāta
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Of uncertain origin. Some indicate Proto-Indo-European *plat- ‎(flat), *pelth₂- or *stelh₃- ‎(broad) (in which case later would be its masculine form).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

latus n ‎(genitive lateris); third declension

  1. side, flank
Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.

Case Singular Plural
nominative latus latera
genitive lateris laterum
dative laterī lateribus
accusative latus latera
ablative latere lateribus
vocative latus latera
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • latus in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • latus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • LATUS in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • latus in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to have good lungs: bonis lateribus esse
    • to place the cavalry on the wings: equites ad latera disponere (B. G. 6. 8)
    • to fall upon the enemy's flank: in latus hostium incurrere
    • (ambiguous) to be always at a person's side: ab alicuius latere non discedere
    • (ambiguous) to belong to the king's bodyguard: a latere regis esse
  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag

Latvian[edit]

Noun[edit]

latus m

  1. accusative plural form of lats