lebendig

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German lëbendic, from Old High German lëbēntīg. Equivalent to lebend +‎ -ig. In Old and Middle High German, and even in Gryphius' and Opitz' time (mid 1600s), the word was stressed on the first syllable[1] (as its Dutch cognate levendig still is); the current stress on the second syllable is explained by Jacob Grimm's German Grammar as the result of the tones of -end and leb- switching.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /leˈbɛndɪç/, [leˈbɛndɪç], [leˈbɛndɪk]
  • IPA(key): [ləˈbɛndɪç]
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

lebendig (comparative lebendiger, superlative am lebendigsten)

  1. living, alive; animate
  2. lively, vivacious, spirited, animated; vibrant
  3. active, agile

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Weigand, Deutsches Wörterbuch (1860)