leiden

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See also: Leiden

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch leiden, from Old Dutch *leiden, from Proto-Germanic *laidijaną.

Verb[edit]

leiden

  1. (transitive) to lead, to take the lead
  2. (transitive) to guide
  3. (intransitive) to lead, to go, to follow a path to
    Alle wegen leiden naar Rome.
    All roads lead to Rome.

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of leiden (weak)
infinitive leiden
past singular leidde
past participle geleid
infinitive leiden
gerund leiden n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular leid leidde
2nd person sing. (jij) leidt leidde
2nd person sing. (u) leidt leidde
2nd person sing. (gij) leidt leidde
3rd person singular leidt leidde
plural leiden leidden
subjunctive sing.1 leide leidde
subjunctive plur.1 leiden leidden
imperative sing. leid
imperative plur.1 leidt
participles leidend geleid
1) Archaic.

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *līþaną. Sense developed from 'go, travel' to 'endure', then to 'suffer'.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlaɪ̯dn̩/, /ˈlaɪ̯dən/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

leiden (class 1 strong, third-person singular simple present leidet, past tense litt, past participle gelitten, past subjunctive litte, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to bear; to endure; to undergo (some hardship)
  2. (intransitive) to suffer; to feel pain
  3. (intransitive) to suffer (from; a disease)
    • 2012 April 20, Die Welt [1], page 22:
      Durch Passivrauchen steigt bei Kindern das Risiko, dass sie als Erwachsene an einer chronisch-obstruktiven Lungenerkrankung leiden.
      By passive smoking, the risk increases in children that they suffer from chronic obstructive lung disease as adults.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German līdan, from Proto-Germanic *līþaną. Cognate with German leiden, Dutch lijden, English lithe, Icelandic líða. Related to leeden.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

leiden (third-person singular present leit, past participle gelidden, auxiliary verb hunn)

  1. (intransitive) to suffer, to feel pain
  2. (transitive) to bear, to suffer, to endure

Conjugation[edit]

Regular
infinitive leiden
participle gelidden
auxiliary hunn
present
indicative
imperative
1st singular leiden
2nd singular leits leit
3rd singular leit
1st plural leiden
2nd plural leit leit
3rd plural leiden
(n) or (nn) indicates the Eifeler Regel.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Dutch leiden, from Proto-Germanic *laidijaną.

Verb[edit]

leiden

  1. to lead, to bring
  2. to lead, to guide, to conduct
Inflection[edit]
Weak
Indicative Present Past
1st singular leide leide
2nd singular leits, leides leides
3rd singular leit, leidet leide
1st plural leiden leiden
2nd plural leit, leidet leidet
3rd plural leiden leiden
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular leide leide
2nd singular leits, leides leides
3rd singular leide leide
1st plural leiden leiden
2nd plural leit, leidet leidet
3rd plural leiden leiden
Imperative Present
Singular leide
Plural leit, leidet
Present Past
Participle leidende geleit
Alternative forms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

leiden ?

  1. Leiden (a city)
Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • leiden (I)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • leiden (III)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • leiden (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929