- (Received Pronunciation) enPR: lĭbʹrəl, IPA(key): /ˈlɪbɹəl/
- (General American) enPR: lĭbʹərəl, IPA(key): /ˈlɪbəɹəl/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: (Received Pronunciation) -ɪbɹəl
- (now rare outside set phrases) Pertaining to those arts and sciences the study of which is considered to provide general knowledge, as opposed to vocational/occupational, technical or mechanical training.
- He had a full education studying the liberal arts.
- 1983, David Leslie Wagner, The Seven liberal arts in the Middle Ages:
- 1997, Gordon D. Morgan, Toward an American Sociology: Questioning the European Construct, →ISBN, page 45:
- Americans remain enamored with Europe's ability to produce the consequential thought for America. It was the same in nearly every liberal field. Education sought its roots in such Europeans as Froebel, Frobenius, and Rousseau. Political science tried to connect to Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Nietzsche, Machiavelli, and Otto von Bismarck, for instance. Economics copied the thought of Adam Smith, […]
- 2008, Donal G. Mulcahy, The Educated Person: Toward a New Paradigm for Liberal Education, →ISBN:
- Generous; permitting liberty; willing to give unsparingly.
- He was liberal with his compliments.
- 1899, J. M. Baltimore, “Pacific Coast Light Service”, in Overland Monthly, volume 33:
- Indeed, the Government has been very liberal in the expenditure of public money
- 2005, John Gardner, Assessment and Learning, →ISBN, page 50:
- When he shows improvement she is liberal with her praise and then moves on to the next set of skills to be learnt.
- 2007, Helena Page Schrader, The English Templar, →ISBN, page 309:
- Queen Isabella was already being called Santa Isabella by many of her subjects because she was liberal with her alms.
- 2010, Simon Guillebaud, More Than Conquerors: A Call to Radical Discipleship, →ISBN, page 142:
- Was it because the believers were so liberal with their possessions that God was so liberal with his grace?
- 2013 June 14, Jonathan Freedland, “Obama's once hip brand is now tainted”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 1, page 18:
- Now we are liberal with our innermost secrets, spraying them into the public ether with a generosity our forebears could not have imagined. Where we once sent love letters in a sealed envelope, or stuck photographs of our children in a family album, now such private material is despatched to servers and clouds operated by people we don't know and will never meet.
- Ample, abundant; generous in quantity.
- Add a liberal sprinkling of salt.
- 1896, Ice and refrigeration, volume 11, page 93:
- For this reason a liberal amount of piping should be used. If a liberal supply of piping is provided at first, the first cost will of course be greater, but the extra expenditure is called for but once.
- 2009, R. Furman Kenney, Chesterville: The Village at the End of the Road, →ISBN, page 102:
- The result was usually that such helpers got a liberal sprinkling of mud over their clothing.
- 2011, Marlene Perez, Dead Is Not an Option, →ISBN, page 37:
- Rose put a steaming cup of mint tea in front of me and spooned a liberal helping of honey into it.
- (obsolete) Unrestrained, licentious.
- 1598–1599 (first performance), William Shakespeare, “Much Adoe about Nothing”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act IV, scene i]:
- Myself, my brother, and this grieved count,
Did see her, hear her, at that hour last night,
Talk with a ruffian at her chamber-window;
Who hath indeed, most like a liberal villain,
Confess'd the vile encounters they have had
A thousand times in secret.
- Widely open to new ideas, willing to depart from established opinions or conventions; permissive.
- Her parents had liberal ideas about child-rearing.
- (politics) Open to political or social changes and reforms associated with either classical or modern liberalism.
- Differences between the classical and modern political definitions of the word "liberal" can make some phrases ambiguous. For example, if one says a certain region has "liberal gun laws," this can be interpreted with two opposite meanings.
- boba liberal
- classical liberal
- latte liberal
- liberal arts
- liberal democracy
- Liberal Democrat
- liberal education
- liberal elite
- liberal eugenics
- liberal feminism
- liberal guilt
- liberal homophobia
- Liberal Party
- liberal science
- limousine liberal
- neoclassical liberal
- neo-liberal, neoliberal
- scratch a liberal and a fascist bleeds
- scratch a liberal and you'll find a fascist
- small "l" liberal
- small l liberal
- social liberal
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
liberal (plural liberals)
- One with liberal views, supporting individual liberty (see Wikipedia's article on Liberalism).
- (US politics) Someone with progressive or left-wing views; one with a left-wing ideology.
- A supporter of any of several liberal parties.
- (UK politics) One who favors individual voting rights, human and civil rights, and laissez-faire markets (also called "classical liberal"; compare libertarian).
- (Australian politics) A conservative, especially a liberal conservative.
- “liberal”, in OneLook Dictionary Search.
- liberal in Keywords for Today: A 21st Century Vocabulary, edited by The Keywords Project, Colin MacCabe, Holly Yanacek, 2018.
- "liberal" in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 179.
- “liberal”, in The Century Dictionary […], New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911, →OCLC.
- “liberal”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
- “liberal”, in Collins English Dictionary.
- “liberal”, in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: Merriam-Webster, 1996–present.
- “liberal”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.
- “liberal”, in Cambridge English Dictionary, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire: Cambridge University Press, 1999–present.
liberal m or f (masculine and feminine plural liberals)
- liberal (clarification of this definition is needed)
- “liberal” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
- “liberal” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
- “liberal” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.
- liberal; permissive; allowing personal freedoms
- Seine Eltern waren streng katholische Kirchgänger, aber liberal gegenüber ihren Kindern.
- His parents were strict Catholic church-goers, but were liberal towards their children.
- (politics) libertarian; liberal in the traditional sense (see usage notes below)
- Die FDP ist die wichtigste liberale Partei in Deutschland.
- The FDP is Germany’s most important libertarian party.
- Liberale Parteien (“libertarian/liberal parties”) in German-speaking Europe are associated with support for free-market economy and small government. These parties most often represent the centre or even the centre-right of the political spectrum. The sense “left-wing”, which English liberal now often has, does not exist in the German word. When used of particular policies, German liberal means “permissive, rejecting legal restraints”. Thus, for example, left-wing parties are more likely to be liberal with regard to abortion, while right-wing parties are more likely to be liberal with regard to arms sales.
|number & gender||singular||plural|
|predicative||er ist liberal||sie ist liberal||es ist liberal||sie sind liberal|
(with definite article)
|nominative||der liberale||die liberale||das liberale||die liberalen|
|genitive||des liberalen||der liberalen||des liberalen||der liberalen|
|dative||dem liberalen||der liberalen||dem liberalen||den liberalen|
|accusative||den liberalen||die liberale||das liberale||die liberalen|
(with indefinite article)
|nominative||ein liberaler||eine liberale||ein liberales||(keine) liberalen|
|genitive||eines liberalen||einer liberalen||eines liberalen||(keiner) liberalen|
|dative||einem liberalen||einer liberalen||einem liberalen||(keinen) liberalen|
|accusative||einen liberalen||eine liberale||ein liberales||(keine) liberalen|
- “liberal” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
- “liberal” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
- widely open to new ideas, willing to depart from established opinions or conventions; permissive.
- open to political or social changes and reforms associated with either classical or modern liberalism.
- “liberal” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, Jakarta: Language Development and Fostering Agency — Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology of the Republic Indonesia, 2016.
- “liberal” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
liberal m (oblique and nominative feminine singular liberale)
liberal m or f (plural liberais)
liberal m or f by sense (plural liberais)
In Brazil, the political sense of "liberal" is used to describe supporters of economic freedom, like classical liberals.
libèrāl m (Cyrillic spelling либѐра̄л)
- “liberal” in Hrvatski jezični portal
liberal m or f (masculine and feminine plural liberales)
liberal m or f by sense (plural liberales)
- In Latin America and Spain, the political sense of "liberal" is used to describe supporters of economic freedom, like classical liberals.
- “liberal”, in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014
|Inflection of liberal|
|1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.|
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
3) Dated or archaic
- a liberal
|Declension of liberal|
- liberal in Svensk ordbok (SO)
- liberal in Svenska Akademiens ordlista (SAOL)
- liberal in Svenska Akademiens ordbok (SAOB)