ligo

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See also: LIGO, ligó, and līgõ

Cebuano[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: li‧go

Verb[edit]

ligo

  1. to take a bath
  2. to swim
  3. to give someone a bath
  4. to shower; to bestow liberally, to give or distribute in abundance

Noun[edit]

ligo

  1. a bath

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ligo f

  1. vocative singular of liga

Esperanto[edit]

Esperanto Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia eo

Etymology[edit]

From ligi +‎ -o.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈliɡo]
  • Audio:
    (file)
  • Rhymes: -iɡo
  • Hyphenation: li‧go

Noun[edit]

ligo (accusative singular ligon, plural ligoj, accusative plural ligojn)

  1. league, connection
    • Trans. Odd Tangerud, Popolmalamiko, Project Gutenberg transcription
      kiel ĝojige estas stari tiel en frata ligo kune kun siaj samurbanoj!
      how joyful it is to stand thus in brotherly connection together with one's fellow city dwellers!

Derived terms[edit]

Galician[edit]

Verb[edit]

ligo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of ligar

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

ligō m (genitive ligōnis); third declension

  1. hoe, mattock
    Synonym: sarculum
Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ligō ligōnēs
Genitive ligōnis ligōnum
Dative ligōnī ligōnibus
Accusative ligōnem ligōnēs
Ablative ligōne ligōnibus
Vocative ligō ligōnēs
Descendants[edit]
  • Sicilian: liguni
  • Spanish: legón
  • Galician: legón, lighó
  • Catalan: lligó

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *leyǵ- (to bind).[1]

Verb[edit]

ligō (present infinitive ligāre, perfect active ligāvī, supine ligātum); first conjugation

  1. to tie, bind
    Synonyms: colligō, illigō, cōnserō, cōnfīgō, adalligō, dēligō, alligō, iniungō, nectō, cōnectō, dēfīgō, fīgō, vinculō, dēstinō
    Antonyms: explicō, absolvō, dissolvō, solvō, sēparō
  2. to bandage, wrap around
  3. to unite
    Synonyms: consociō, iungō, coniungō, contrahō, conciliō
    Antonyms: solvō, absolvō, persolvō, distrahō, dissolvō, rumpō
Conjugation[edit]
   Conjugation of ligō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ligō ligās ligat ligāmus ligātis ligant
imperfect ligābam ligābās ligābat ligābāmus ligābātis ligābant
future ligābō ligābis ligābit ligābimus ligābitis ligābunt
perfect ligāvī ligāvistī ligāvit ligāvimus ligāvistis ligāvērunt,
ligāvēre
pluperfect ligāveram ligāverās ligāverat ligāverāmus ligāverātis ligāverant
future perfect ligāverō ligāveris ligāverit ligāverimus ligāveritis ligāverint
passive present ligor ligāris,
ligāre
ligātur ligāmur ligāminī ligantur
imperfect ligābar ligābāris,
ligābāre
ligābātur ligābāmur ligābāminī ligābantur
future ligābor ligāberis,
ligābere
ligābitur ligābimur ligābiminī ligābuntur
perfect ligātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect ligātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect ligātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ligem ligēs liget ligēmus ligētis ligent
imperfect ligārem ligārēs ligāret ligārēmus ligārētis ligārent
perfect ligāverim ligāverīs ligāverit ligāverīmus ligāverītis ligāverint
pluperfect ligāvissem ligāvissēs ligāvisset ligāvissēmus ligāvissētis ligāvissent
passive present liger ligēris,
ligēre
ligētur ligēmur ligēminī ligentur
imperfect ligārer ligārēris,
ligārēre
ligārētur ligārēmur ligārēminī ligārentur
perfect ligātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect ligātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ligā ligāte
future ligātō ligātō ligātōte ligantō
passive present ligāre ligāminī
future ligātor ligātor ligantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives ligāre ligāvisse ligātūrum esse ligārī ligātum esse ligātum īrī
participles ligāns ligātūrus ligātus ligandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
ligandī ligandō ligandum ligandō ligātum ligātū
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Terms directly borrowed from the Latin word:

  • Portuguese: ligar (learned)
  • Norwegian:
  • Spanish: ligar (learned)
  • Swedish: legera

References[edit]

  • ligo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ligo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ligo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • ligo”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ligo”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “ligō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 341

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈli.ɡɔ/
  • Rhymes: -iɡɔ
  • Syllabification: li‧go

Noun[edit]

ligo f

  1. vocative singular of liga

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

ligo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of ligar

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈliɡo/ [ˈli.ɣ̞o]
  • Rhymes: -iɡo
  • Syllabification: li‧go

Verb[edit]

ligo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of ligar

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Austronesian *diʀus (bathe). Compare Ilocano digos, Ibanag zigu, Bikol Central karigos, Cebuano digo / ligo, Malay dirus / irus, and Javanese adus.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • igobaby-talk

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: li‧go
  • IPA(key): /ˈliɡoʔ/, [ˈli.ɣoʔ] (noun)
  • IPA(key): /liˈɡoʔ/, [lɪˈɣoʔ] (adjective)

Noun[edit]

ligò (Baybayin spelling ᜎᜒᜄᜓ)

  1. bathing; taking a bath
    Synonyms: paligo, paliligo, hambo, paghambo
Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ligô (Baybayin spelling ᜎᜒᜄᜓ)

  1. having taken a bath
    Synonyms: nakapaligo, nakahambo
  2. having the habit of taking a bath very often
    Synonyms: palaligo, palahambo

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: li‧go
  • IPA(key): /liˈɡo/, [lɪˈɣo]

Noun[edit]

ligó (Baybayin spelling ᜎᜒᜄᜓ)

  1. constancy
    Synonyms: konstansiya, tiyaga, katamanan
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]