ligo

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Esperanto[edit]

Noun[edit]

ligo ‎(accusative singular ligon, plural ligoj, accusative plural ligojn)

  1. league, connection
    • Trans. Odd Tangerud, Popolmalamiko, Project Gutenberg transcription
      kiel ĝojige estas stari tiel en frata ligo kune kun siaj samurbanoj!
      how joyful it is to stand thus in brotherly connection together with one's fellow city dwellers!

Derived terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*leyǵ-

From Proto-Indo-European *leyǵ- ‎(to bind)[1].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ligō m ‎(genitive ligōnis); third declension

  1. A hoe, mattock

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative ligō ligōnēs
genitive ligōnis ligōnum
dative ligōnī ligōnibus
accusative ligōnem ligōnēs
ablative ligōne ligōnibus
vocative ligō ligōnēs

Descendants[edit]

Verb[edit]

ligō ‎(present infinitive ligāre, perfect active ligāvī, supine ligātum); first conjugation

  1. I tie, bind.
  2. I bandage, wrap around.
  3. I unite.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of ligo (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ligō ligās ligat ligāmus ligātis ligant
imperfect ligābam ligābās ligābat ligābāmus ligābātis ligābant
future ligābō ligābis ligābit ligābimus ligābitis ligābunt
perfect ligāvī ligāvistī ligāvit ligāvimus ligāvistis ligāvērunt, ligāvēre
pluperfect ligāveram ligāverās ligāverat ligāverāmus ligāverātis ligāverant
future perfect ligāverō ligāveris ligāverit ligāverimus ligāveritis ligāverint
passive present ligor ligāris, ligāre ligātur ligāmur ligāminī ligantur
imperfect ligābar ligābāris, ligābāre ligābātur ligābāmur ligābāminī ligābantur
future ligābor ligāberis, ligābere ligābitur ligābimur ligābiminī ligābuntur
perfect ligātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect ligātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect ligātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ligem ligēs liget ligēmus ligētis ligent
imperfect ligārem ligārēs ligāret ligārēmus ligārētis ligārent
perfect ligāverim ligāverīs ligāverit ligāverīmus ligāverītis ligāverint
pluperfect ligāvissem ligāvissēs ligāvisset ligāvissēmus ligāvissētis ligāvissent
passive present liger ligēris, ligēre ligētur ligēmur ligēminī ligentur
imperfect ligārer ligārēris, ligārēre ligārētur ligārēmur ligārēminī ligārentur
perfect ligātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect ligātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ligā ligāte
future ligātō ligātō ligātōte ligantō
passive present ligāre ligāminī
future ligātor ligātor ligantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives ligāre ligāvisse ligātūrus esse ligārī ligātus esse ligātum īrī
participles ligāns ligātūrus ligātus ligandus

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

ligo

  1. First-person singular (eu) present indicative of ligar

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ligo

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of ligar.