lijden

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Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch liden, from Old Dutch līthan, from Proto-Germanic *līþaną. The sense developed from “go, travel” via “endure” to “suffer”, under the influence of the originally unrelated noun leed (sorrow). See the same in German leiden.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

lijden

  1. (intransitive) to undergo
  2. (intransitive) to suffer [+ aan (object) = from (a disease)]

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of lijden (strong class 1)
infinitive lijden
past singular leed
past participle geleden
infinitive lijden
gerund lijden n
present tense past tense
1st person singular lijd leed
2nd person sing. (jij) lijdt leed
2nd person sing. (u) lijdt leed
2nd person sing. (gij) lijdt leedt
3rd person singular lijdt leed
plural lijden leden
subjunctive sing.1 lijde lede
subjunctive plur.1 lijden leden
imperative sing. lijd
imperative plur.1 lijdt
participles lijdend geleden
1) Archaic.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: ly

Noun[edit]

lijden n (uncountable)

  1. suffering
    Synonyms: leed, lijdenis

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Verb[edit]

lijden

  1. Alternative spelling of liden