livery

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English[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From Anglo-Norman liveree, from Old French livree. Compare modern French livrée.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

livery (plural liveries)

  1. Any distinctive identifying uniform worn by a group, such as the uniform worn by chauffeurs and male servants.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 7, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      “I don't know how you and the ‘head,’ as you call him, will get on, but I do know that if you call my duds a ‘livery’ again there'll be trouble. It's bad enough to go around togged out like a life saver on a drill day, but I can stand that 'cause I'm paid for it. What I won't stand is to have them togs called a livery. […]”
    • J. M. Bennett
      By wearing livery, the brewers publicly expressed guild association and solidarity.
  2. The paint scheme of a vehicle or fleet of vehicles.
    The airline's new livery received a mixed reaction from the press.
  3. (US) A taxicab or limousine.
  4. (law) The delivery of property from one owner to the next.
  5. (law) The writ by which property is obtained.
  6. (historical) The rental of horses or carriages; the rental of canoes; the care and/or boarding of horses for money.
    • Lowell
      Pegasus does not stand at livery even at the largest establishment in Moorfields.
  7. (historical) A stable that keeps horses or carriages for rental.
  8. An allowance of food; a ration, as given out to a family, to servants, to horses, etc.
    • Cavendish
      The emperor's officers every night went through the town from house to house whereat any English gentleman did repast or lodge, and served their liveries for all night: first, the officers brought into the house a cast of fine manchet [white bread], and of silver two great post, and white wine, and sugar.
  9. Release from wardship; deliverance.
    • Milton
      It concerned them first to sue out their livery from the unjust wardship of his encroaching prerogative.
  10. A low grade of wool.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

livery (third-person singular simple present liveries, present participle liverying, simple past and past participle liveried)

  1. (archaic) To clothe.
    He liveried his servants in the most modest of clothing.
Translations[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

liver +‎ -y

Adjective[edit]

livery (comparative more livery, superlative most livery)

  1. Like liver.
    • 2004, Anne DesBrisay, Capital Dining: Anne DesBrisay's Guide to Ottawa Restaurants, ECW Press ISBN 9781550226423, page 19
      We are happy for the chopped mushrooms within the warm goose liver paté, for the coarse, highly seasoned wedge has a robust livery flavour the 'shrooms manage to ease.
    • 2010, Christopher Kimball, Fannie's Last Supper: Re-creating One Amazing Meal from Fannie Farmer's 1896 Cookbook, Hachette UK ISBN 9781401396299
      A second test was similar, but we brought the internal temperature up to 130 degrees; the texture was chewy, the meat tasted livery, and had not melted.
    • 2010, Fidel Toldr, Handbook of Meat Processing, John Wiley & Sons ISBN 9780813820965, page 35
      Sulfur-containing compounds (thiols, sulfides, thiazoles, sulfur-substituted furans) can interact with carbonyl compounds to produce a livery flavor.
  2. Queasy, liverish.
    • 2011, Dr Dorothy Shepherd, Homoeopathy For The First Aider, Random House ISBN 9781446489895, page 58
      The biliousness and livery feeling will disappear and the feeling of joy and happiness will be the reward.
    • 2011, Alec Waugh, Fuel for the Flame, A&C Black ISBN 9781448202539
      He felt fresh and buoyant. When he was young, and had taken a siesta, he had felt livery for a couple of hours afterwards, with a tongue like a chicken run
    • 2014, Emily Hahn, China to Me: A Partial Autobiography, Open Road Media ISBN 9781497619326
      To like everyone and to be happy with anyone was a virtue and its own reward, but I realized now that for weeks I had been feeling livery, impatient, restless.

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