lom

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Lom, LOM, łom, loom, and лом

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lomъ.

Noun[edit]

lom m

  1. An open mine.
  2. Diffraction or refraction.
Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

lom

  1. second-person singular imperative of lomit

Further reading[edit]

  • lom in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • lom in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a Slavic language

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈlom]
  • Hyphenation: lom
  • Rhymes: -om

Noun[edit]

lom (plural lomok)

  1. junk, bulky waste

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative lom lomok
accusative lomot lomokat
dative lomnak lomoknak
instrumental lommal lomokkal
causal-final lomért lomokért
translative lommá lomokká
terminative lomig lomokig
essive-formal lomként lomokként
essive-modal
inessive lomban lomokban
superessive lomon lomokon
adessive lomnál lomoknál
illative lomba lomokba
sublative lomra lomokra
allative lomhoz lomokhoz
elative lomból lomokból
delative lomról lomokról
ablative lomtól lomoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
lomé lomoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
loméi lomokéi
Possessive forms of lom
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. lomom lomjaim
2nd person sing. lomod lomjaid
3rd person sing. lomja lomjai
1st person plural lomunk lomjaink
2nd person plural lomotok lomjaitok
3rd person plural lomjuk lomjaik

Derived terms[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish lomm (bare, naked; smooth; exact).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (West Cork) IPA(key): /lˠoumˠ/

Noun[edit]

lom m (genitive singular loim)

  1. bare thing, bareness
  2. openness, exposure
  3. opening for attack
  4. nakedness, poverty

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

lom (genitive singular masculine loim, genitive singular feminine loime, plural loma, comparative loime)

  1. bare
    1. (of country) bare, bleak
    2. (of house) unfurnished, unstocked, unadorned
    3. (of clothing) threadbare
    4. (of sheep) shorn, (of oats) husked, clean
    5. (of blade) bare, unsheathed; (of tongue) sharp; (of judge) strict
  2. thin
    1. (of person, animal) thin, spare; (of quarters) lean
    2. (of porridge) thin; (of milk) skim; dilute
  3. close
  4. used intensively with other adjective or with adverb

Declension[edit]

Obsolete spellings

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

lom (present analytic lomann, future analytic lomfaidh, verbal noun lomadh, past participle lomtha)

  1. (transitive) lay bare; strip, denude; mow; (of a sheep) shear; flatten
  2. (intransitive) become bare
  3. (transitive) haul in (a sail, a sheet); close in on, attack (someone)

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse lómr, ultimately imitative of the bird's cry, particularly when it's in danger.

Noun[edit]

lom m (definite singular lommen, indefinite plural lommer, definite plural lommene)

  1. a diver or loon (waterbird of order Gaviiformes, family Gaviidae)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse lómr, ultimately imitative of the bird's cry, particularly when it's in danger.

Noun[edit]

lom m (definite singular lomen or lommen, indefinite plural lomar or lommar, definite plural lomane or lommane)

  1. a diver or loon (waterbird of order Gaviiformes, family Gaviidae)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *lamaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃lemH- (broken). Cognates include Old English lama, Old Saxon lam and Old Dutch *lam.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

lom

  1. lame

Descendants[edit]

  • North Frisian: lom, laam
  • Saterland Frisian: lom
  • West Frisian: lam

References[edit]

  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN

Plautdietsch[edit]

Adjective[edit]

lom

  1. lame

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Russian лом (lom), from Proto-Slavic *lomъ.

Noun[edit]

lom n (plural lomuri)

  1. crowbar

Declension[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pulmō, from Proto-Indo-European *pléwmō.

Noun[edit]

lom f (plural loms)

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan) lung

Synonyms[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish lomm.

Adjective[edit]

lom (comparative luime)

  1. nude, naked
  2. bare, bleak
  3. leafless
  4. threadbare
  5. thin, meagre
  6. net (weight, sum etc)

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • lom” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019) , “lomm”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lomъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lȏm m (Cyrillic spelling ло̑м)

  1. fracture
  2. breach, breakage
  3. rumpus, ruckus, uproar
  4. refraction, diffraction (of light)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • lom” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lomъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lȍm m inan

  1. fracture

Inflection[edit]

Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. lòm
gen. sing. lôma
singular dual plural
nominative lòm lôma lômi
accusative lòm lôma lôme
genitive lôma lômov lômov
dative lômu lômoma lômom
locative lômu lômih lômih
instrumental lômom lômoma lômi

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Further reading[edit]

  • lom”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Swedish[edit]

Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sv

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lom c

  1. a loon

Declension[edit]

Declension of lom 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative lom lommen lommar lommarna
Genitive loms lommens lommars lommarnas

Taivoan[edit]

Numeral[edit]

lom

  1. six