- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /lɒŋ/
Audio (UK): [lɒŋ] (file)
- (General American) enPR: lông, IPA(key): /lɔŋ/
- (cot–caught merger, Canada) enPR: läng, IPA(key): /lɑŋ/
Audio (US): [lɑŋ] (file)
- (Black Country) enPR: lo͝oŋg, IPA(key): /lʊŋɡ/
Audio (AU) (file)
- Hyphenation: long
- Rhymes: -ɒŋ
From Middle English long, lang, from Old English long, lang (“long, tall, lasting”), from Proto-West Germanic *lang, from Proto-Germanic *langaz (“long”), from Proto-Indo-European *dlongʰos (“long”). Cognate with Scots lang (“long”), North Frisian long, lung (“long”), Saterland Frisian loang (“long”), Norwegian, West Frisian, Dutch and German lang (“long”), Swedish lång (“long”), Icelandic langur (“long”), Portuguese longo (“long”), Spanish luengo (“long”), Latin longus (“long”), Russian дли́нный (dlínnyj), долго (dolgo), Sanskrit दीर्घ (dīrgha, “long”).
The word exceptionally retains the Old English darkening of -a- before nasals. Though there are other such examples in Middle and Modern English (e.g. bond, song, throng, wrong), the o-form may have been reinforced by Old French long, from Latin longus, from the same Indo-European word. Doublet of lungo and lunge.
- Having much distance from one terminating point on an object or an area to another terminating point (usually applies to horizontal dimensions; see Usage Notes below).
- It's a long way from the Earth to the Moon.
- How long was your newborn baby?
- 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter V, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., →OCLC:
- We expressed our readiness, and in ten minutes were in the station wagon, rolling rapidly down the long drive, for it was then after nine. We passed on the way the van of the guests from Asquith.
- Having great duration.
- The pyramids of Egypt have been around for a long time.
- I took a long look at the house, knowing it was for the last time.
- Seeming to last a lot of time, due to being boring or tedious or tiring.
- 1877, Anna Sewell, “Chapter 23”, in Black Beauty: […], London: Jarrold and Sons, […], →OCLC:
- What I suffered with that rein for four long months in my lady's carriage, it would be hard to describe, but I am quite sure that, had it lasted much longer, either my health or my temper would have given way.
- 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter II, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., →OCLC:
- I had occasion […] to make a somewhat long business trip to Chicago, and on my return […] I found Farrar awaiting me in the railway station. He smiled his wonted fraction by way of greeting, […] , and finally leading me to his buggy, turned and drove out of town. I was completely mystified at such an unusual proceeding.
- (Britain, dialect) Not short; tall.
- (finance) Possessing or owning stocks, bonds, commodities, or other financial instruments with the aim of benefiting from an expected rise in their value.
- (cricket) Of a fielding position, close to the boundary (or closer to the boundary than the equivalent short position).
- Passing or landing ahead of or beyond the intended target or location, as weapons fire or landing aircraft.
- The plane touched down long and overran the end of the runway.
- 2021 March 10, Drachinifel, 28:10 from the start, in Guadalcanal Campaign - The Big Night Battle: Night 1 (IJN 3(?) : 2 USN), archived from the original on 7 November 2022:
- Juneau was making good time with the other surviving U.S. Navy ships, despite her damage, when the I-26 spotted her and sent a salvo of Type 95 torpedoes in her direction. Passing between the Helena and San Francisco, some indication being they had actually been shot at the San Francisco and gone long because San Francisco was travelling significantly slower than expected, they nonetheless hit Juneau and detonated the ship's magazine.
- (tennis, of a ball or a shot) Landing beyond the baseline, and therefore deemed to be out.
- That forehand is long.
- (gambling) Of betting odds, offering a very large return for a small wager.
- Occurring or coming after an extended interval; distant in time; far away.
- 1596, Edmund Spenser, “Book IIII, Canto IIII”, in The Faerie Queene. […], part II (books IV–VI), London: […] [Richard Field] for William Ponsonby, →OCLC, page 55:
- But Campbell thus did ſhut vp all in ieſt, / Braue Knights and Ladies, certes ye doe wrong / To ſtirre vp ſtrife, when moſt vs needeth reſt, / That we may vs reſerue both freſh and ſtrong, / Againſt the Turneiment which is not long.
- (African-American Vernacular, slang, of money) In great supply; abundant.
- (slang, MLE) Clipping of .
- 2022 March 18, Ronan Bennett, Gerry Jackson, Tyrone Rashard, Sagirah Gammon, 00:35:44 from the start, in Brady Hood, director, Top Boy(Good Morals) (4), episode 1 (TV), spoken by unnamed boy, girl called B:
- BOY:B, this is long for man, you know. B:Keep complaining. BOY:Fucking gemming it with these things (he continues collecting empty drinks cans)
- 2023 January 15, Layton Williams, 12:51 from the start, in Freddy Syborn, director, Bad Education(Prison) (4), episode 3 (TV), spoken by Inchez (Anthony J. Abraham):
- INCHEZ:Man this is long! We've been in here for time!
- (slang, MLE, by extension) stupid; annoying; bullshit
- 2015 September 18, “Brand New” (track 6), in Don't Panic, performed by Smoke Boys:
- [Verse 1:Sleeks]: Keep thinking about Ps that I need but it's long. All these things that I've done in the streets got me on my knees trying to reason with God. B-B beefin' is long but I might still greeze up a Don.
- 2017 December 17, Guz Khan, Andy Milligan, “Upper Room” (00:38 from the start), in Ollie Parsons, director, Man Like Mobeen (1), episode 3 (TV), spoken by Mobeen Deen (Guz Khan):
- MOBEEN:"I do love nature when it's on television and David Attenborough's presenting. I hate nature in real life! Smells like shite around here! Plants and(he waves a fly away)...plants and that. It's so long!
- 2022 March 18, Ronan Bennett, Gerry Jackson, Tyrone Rashard, Sagirah Gammon, 00:15:46 from the start, in Brady Hood, director, Top Boy(Good Morals) (4), episode 1 (TV), spoken by Dushane (Ashley Walters):
- DUSHANE:"I'm stepping back from the roads now. All of that shit is long! And by next year, I want to be completely legit, then it's just me, you and Tish.
- 2023 February 18, Simba-xiv, “Reddit (subreddit:BlackPeopleTwitter)”, in (Please provide the book title or journal name):
- Nah fuck that I don't like mixing my circles like that. Plus if some shit goes bad I gotta be in the middle it's all long
- (slang, MLE, by extension) serious; deadly.
- 2022 March 18, Ronan Bennett, Gerry Jackson, Tyrone Rashard, 32:20 from the start, in William Stefan Smith, director, Top Boy(Prove Yourself) (4), episode 8 (TV), spoken by Jamie (Micheal Ward):
- JAMIE:"Yo, if I see you man round here again, it is long for you!"
- Wide is usually used instead of long when referring to a horizontal dimension (left to right).
- Tall or high are usually used instead of long when referring to positive vertical dimension (upwards), and deep when referring to negative vertical dimension (downwards).
- (having much distance from one point to another): deep (vertically downwards), extended, high (vertically upwards), lengthy, tall
- (having great duration): extended, lengthy, prolonged
- (having much distance from one point to another): low (vertically upwards), shallow (vertically upwards or downwards), short
- (having great duration): brief, short
- a little goes a long way
- a little of something goes a long way
- a long time coming
- a long time in coming
- as broad as long
- as long as
- as the day is long
- a week is a long time in politics
- before long
- by a long chalk
- by a long chalk
- by a long shot
- by a long way
- by long chalks
- come a long way
- daddy longlegs
- draw a long bow
- draw the long bow
- for long
- for the long haul
- go a long way
- go back a long way
- he who sups with the devil should have a long spoon
- how long
- how long is a piece of string
- in the long run
- in the long term
- it's a long road that has no turning
- it's a long story
- kick into the long grass
- Land of the Long White Cloud
- little pitchers have long ears
- long a
- long ago
- long arm
- long arms
- long arm statute
- long-arm statute
- Long Ashton
- long as one's arm
- long ball
- long ballot
- long Barnaby
- Long Beach
- long-beaked bald rush
- long bit
- long black
- long block
- long bone
- Long Branch
- Long Buckby
- long bullets
- long case
- longcat, Longcat
- long ciliary nerve
- Long Clawson
- long clothes
- long coats
- long con
- long corner
- long COVID
- long division
- long dozen
- Long Drax
- long drink
- long drink of water
- long drop
- long drum
- long e
- long-eared bat
- long-eared guinea pig
- long-eared owl
- Long Eaton
- long egg
- long eighteenth century
- long ess
- long exact sequence
- long face
- long-faced miner bee
- long figure
- long filename
- long finger
- long-fingered frog
- long firm
- long-footed potoroo
- long game
- long ghost
- long grasser
- long gray line
- long green
- long gross
- long gun
- long hair
- long hair don't care
- long-haired dictionary
- long hair sedge
- long handle
- long haul
- long home
- long hop
- long house
- long hundred
- long i
- long integer, long int
- long in the tooth
- Long Island
- Long Itchington
- long-jawed spider
- long john
- long johns
- long jump
- Long Key
- long leet
- long-legged buzzard
- long-legged fly
- long legs
- long lens
- long line
- long-line bra
- long-line brassiere
- Long Marston
- Long Marton
- Long Melford
- long memory
- long meter
- long mode
- long nineteenth century
- long-nosed potoroo
- long o
- long odds
- long off
- long off
- long on
- long oo
- long paddock
- long passive
- long pepper
- long pig
- long polling
- long pork
- long posterior ciliary artery
- Long Prairie
- Long Preston
- long price
- long profile
- long purples
- long purse
- long QT syndrome
- long ranger
- long rice
- long rifle, longrifle
- long robe
- Long Rock, Longrock
- long room
- long row to hoe
- long run
- long run for a short slide
- long s
- long scale
- long screwdriver
- long service leave
- long shot, longshot
- long sight
- long six
- long spine board
- long-spined bullhead
- long-spurred violet
- long stop
- long story short
- Long Stratton
- long suit
- Long Sutton
- long sweetening
- long tail
- long-tail boat
- long term, long-term
- long-term memory
- long-term potentiation
- long thousand
- long throw
- long time
- long title
- long-toed stint
- long-toed water beetle
- long Tom
- long ton
- long track
- long trousers
- long u
- long underwear
- long vac
- long vacation
- long vehicle
- long view
- long vowel
- long-vowel mark
- long wave
- long way around
- long weekend
- long white radish
- make a long arm
- night of long knives
- Night of the Long Knives, night of the long knives
- not long
- not long for
- not long for this world
- old sins cast long shadows
- old sins have long shadows
- Pearson's long-clawed shrew
- pull the long bow
- punt into the long grass
- push into the long grass
- short accounts make long friends
- short reckonings make long friends
- Sir David's long-beaked echidna
- so long
- so long as
- Stanton Long
- stretching the long bow
- take a long walk off a short pier
- take a long walk on a short pier
- take the long view
- the long and short
- very-long-baseline interferometry
- you're a long time dead
long (plural longs)
- (linguistics) A long vowel.
- 1877, Henry Sweet, A Handbook of Phonetics, volume 2, page 60:
- In French most vowels are half-long, and are only occasionally lengthened or shortened into full longs and shorts.
- (prosody) A long syllable.
- (music) A note formerly used in music, one half the length of a large, twice that of a breve.
- (programming) A long integer variable, twice the size of an int, two or four times the size of a short, and half of a long long.
- A long is typically 64 bits in a 32-bit environment.
- (finance) An entity with a long position in an asset.
- Synonym: bull
- Every uptick made the longs cheer.
- (finance) An investor having a long position in a security.
- (Can we verify(+) this sense?) (finance) A long-term investment.
- 1977, Jerome B. Cohen, Edward D. Zinbarg, Arthur Zeikel, Guide to Intelligent Investing, →OCLC, page 203:
- Likewise, if borrowers prefer to sell short-maturity issues at the time lenders prefer to invest in longs, as is the case when interest rates are expected to fall, longer maturity issues will tend to yield less than shorter maturity issues.
- (Oxbridge, dated) Clipping of .
- (transitive, finance) To take a long position in.
- 2004, Thomas S. Y. Ho with Sang Bin Lee and Sang-bin Yi, The Oxford Guide to Financial Modeling, page 84:
- The left panel shows the profile of a portfolio consisting of longing a call and shorting a put.
- (chiefly sports) Over a great distance in space.
- For a particular duration.
- How long is it until the next bus arrives?
- He slept all day long.
- For a lengthy duration (see usage notes).
- Antonyms: an instant, a minute, a moment, a second, a short time, not long
- Will this interview take long?
- Paris has long been considered one of the most cultured cities in the world.
- She has known us as long as you.
- I haven't got long to live.
- By eight o'clock, the food will be long gone.
- They are in a hurry; they can't wait for too long.
- I've waited long enough.
- 1596, Edmund Spenser, “Book VI, Canto XII”, in The Faerie Queene. […], part II (books IV–VI), London: […] [Richard Field] for William Ponsonby, →OCLC, stanza 17, page 512:
- My liefe (ſayd ſhe) ye know, that long ygo, / Whileſt ye in durance dwelt, ye to me gaue / A little mayde, the which ye chylded tho ; / The ſame againe if now ye liſt to haue, / The ſame is yonder Lady, whom high God did ſaue.
- c. 1599–1602 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act I, scene iii], page 156, column 1:
- I ſtay too long ; but here my Father comes : / A double bleſſing is a double grace; / Occaſion ſmiles vpon a ſecond leaue.
- 1991, James Melvin Washington, editor, A testament of hope: the essential writings and speeches of Martin Luther King, page 636:
- I answer by saying that I have worked too long and hard now against segregated public accommodations to end up segregating my moral concern.
- 2013 May-June, David Van Tassel, Lee DeHaan, “Wild Plants to the Rescue”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3:
- Plant breeding is always a numbers game. […] The wild species we use are rich in genetic variation, […]. In addition, we are looking for rare alleles, so the more plants we try, the better. These rarities may be new mutations, or they can be existing ones that are neutral—or are even selected against—in a wild population. A good example is mutations that disrupt seed dispersal, leaving the seeds on the heads long after they are ripe.
- 2013 July 20, “Out of the gloom”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8845:
- [Rural solar plant] schemes are of little help to industry or other heavy users of electricity. Nor is solar power yet as cheap as the grid. For all that, the rapid arrival of electric light to Indian villages is long overdue. When the national grid suffers its next huge outage, as it did in July 2012 when hundreds of millions were left in the dark, look for specks of light in the villages.
- 2021 August 19, “Drake”performed by Most Certi:
- [Verse 1]: […] Be there in five, man’s taking long. Are you still there? No fam, I’m already gone.
The adverb long, when it means for a lengthy duration, is used freely in questions and negative statements. However, in standard English, it is only used in positive statements when it directly modifies an adjective or participle, or is itself modified by an adverb such as too or enough (see the example sentences above). In other situations, the phrase (for) a long time is used instead:
- Does it take long?
- — No, it doesn't take long.
- (nonstandard) — Yes, it takes long.
- — Yes, it takes a long time.
- — Yes, it takes far too long.
From Middle English longen, from Old English langian (“to long for, yearn after, grieve for, be pained, lengthen, grow longer, summon, belong”), from Proto-West Germanic *langōn, from Proto-Germanic *langōną (“to desire, long for”), from Proto-Indo-European *lengʷʰ- (“to be easy, be quick, jump, move around, vary”). Cognate with German langen (“to reach, be sufficient”), Swedish langa (“to push, pass by hand”), Icelandic langa (“to want, desire”), Dutch, German verlangen (“to desire, want, long for”).
- (intransitive) To await, aspire, desire greatly (something to occur or to be true).
From Middle English long, lang, an aphetic form of Middle English ilong, ylong, from Old English ġelong, ġelang (“along, belonging, depending, consequent”); the verb later reinterpreted as an aphetic form of belong.
long (not comparable)
- (archaic) To be appropriate to, to pertain or belong to.
- c. 1590–1592 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Taming of the Shrew”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act IV, scene iv]:
- Tis well, and hold your owne in any case / With such austeritie as longeth to a father.
Shortening of longitude.
long (plural longs)
- Abbreviation of .
From Middle English longen, from Old English langian (“to belong, pertain”), from Old English *lang, which is of uncertain origin yet related to Old English ġelang (“dependent, attainable, present, belonging, consequent”), Old Saxon gilang (“ready, available”).
- (obsolete) To belong.
- c. 1587–1588, [Christopher Marlowe], Tamburlaine the Great. […] The First Part […], 2nd edition, part 1, London: […] [R. Robinson for] Richard Iones, […], published 1592, →OCLC; reprinted as Tamburlaine the Great (A Scolar Press Facsimile), Menston, Yorkshire, London: Scolar Press, 1973, →ISBN, Act II, scene v:
- Now ſend Ambaſſage to thy neighbor Kinges,
And let them know the Perſian King is chang’d:
From one that knew not what a King ſhould doe,
To one that can commaund what longs there to: […]
- “long”, in OneLook Dictionary Search.
- “long”, in The Century Dictionary […], New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911, →OCLC.
Chinese Pidgin English
- comitative case marker
- benefactive case marker
- ablative case marker
- Umberto Ansaldo; Stephen Matthews; Geoff Smith (2010), “China Coast Pidgin: Texts and contexts”, in Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages, volume 25, issue 1, →DOI, pages 63-94
Traditionally feminine in the Netherlands, masculine in Belgium due to masculinisation.
- Afrikaans: long
- Negerhollands: longe
- → Papiamentu: long (dated)
- → Sranan Tongo: lon
- → Caribbean Javanese: long
- “long” in Woordenlijst Nederlandse Taal – Officiële Spelling, Nederlandse Taalunie. [the official spelling word list for the Dutch language]
- à la longue
- à long terme
- arc long anglais
- avoir le bras long
- avoir les dents longues
- de longue date
- de longue haleine
- de longue main
- en dire long
- faire long feu
- la faire longue
- long à la détente
- long comme le bras
- long comme un jour sans pain
- long fleuve tranquille
- longue paume
- mémoire à long terme
- Nuit des Longs Couteaux
long m (plural longs)
- Le nez de Pinocchio mesure le matin 5 cm de long.
- Pinocchio's nose measures 5 cm long in the morning.
- J’aime marcher le long du fleuve.
- I like walking along the river.
- “long”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
- “long” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, Jakarta: Language Development and Fostering Agency — Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology of the Republic Indonesia, 2016.
Forms with the definite article
- bratlong (“flagship”)
- Ó Dónaill, Niall (1977), “long”, in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, Dublin: An Gúm, →ISBN
- Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, page 43
- Sjoestedt, M. L. (1931) Phonétique d’un parler irlandais de Kerry (in French), Paris: Librairie Ernest Leroux, page 14
- Sjoestedt, M. L. (1931) Phonétique d’un parler irlandais de Kerry (in French), Paris: Librairie Ernest Leroux, page 25
- For a lengthy duration (see usage notes).
Unlike in standard English, in Jamaican creole the adverb long, when it means for a lengthy duration, is used freely in questions and statements, whether positive or negative.
- “long” in Pusat Rujukan Persuratan Melayu | Malay Literary Reference Centre, Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 2017.
- Nonstandard spelling of .
- Nonstandard spelling of .
- Nonstandard spelling of .
- Nonstandard spelling of .
- Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.
- Grammar and Dictionary of the Lushai Language by J.H. Lorrain, Shillong 1898
long (plural longkhan)
- laong (Guernsey)
- Alternative form of
- long (length, duration)
- Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN
|Accusative||loingN, luing||loingL, luing||longaH|
|Initial mutations of a following adjective:
|Old Irish mutation|
also llong after a proclitic
pronounced with /l(ʲ)-/
|Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every|
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.
- Used to mark spatial direct objects that something is oriented in the manner of, where English would use to, toward, into, or onto
- Used to mark spatial direct objects that something is oriented in the location of, where English would use in, at, on, or near
- Used to mark indirect objects, or direct objects of intransitive verbs, where English would use to
- 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 1:22:
- Na God i mekim gutpela tok bilong givim strong long ol. Em i tokim ol olsem, “Yupela ol kain kain samting bilong solwara, yupela i mas kamap planti na pulapim olgeta hap bilong solwara. Na yupela ol pisin, yupela i mas kamap planti long graun.”
- And God made a good speech to give strength to them. He said to them: "You varied things of the ocean, you must multiply and fill every part of the sea. And you birds, you must multiply on earth.
- Used to mark spatial direct objects that something is oriented in the manner opposite of, extracted from, or away from, where English would use from or out of
- 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 2:22:
- Orait God i wokim wanpela meri long dispela bun em i bin kisim long man, na bihain em i bringim meri i go long man.
- Then God made a woman out of that bone he had taken from the man, and later he brought the woman to go to the man.
- Used to mark temporal direct objects in which a condition lasts for a certain duration of time, where English would use for
- 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 3:14:
- Na God, Bikpela i tokim snek olsem, “Yu bin mekim dispela pasin nogut, olsem na nau mi gat strongpela tok bilong daunim yu. Bai yu gat bikpela hevi. Hevi yu karim bai i winim hevi bilong olgeta arapela animal. Nau na long olgeta taim bihain bai yu wokabaut long bel bilong yu tasol. Na bai yu kaikai das bilong graun.
- And the Lord God said to the snake: "You did a bad deed, and so I have a powerful curse for you. You will have a great weight. The wight you carry will exceed that of any all animals. Now, and for all times, you will only walk on your stomach. And you will eat the dirt of the earth.
- Used to mark a verb whose subject is the direct object of another verb, where English would use to or from
- 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 3:17:
- Na God i tokim Adam olsem, “Yu bin harim tok bilong meri bilong yu, na yu bin kaikai pikinini bilong dispela diwai mi bin tambuim yu long kaikai. Olsem na nau bai mi bagarapim graun, na ol kaikai bai i no inap kamap gut long en. Oltaim bai yu wok hat tru bilong mekim kaikai i kamap long graun.
- And God said to Adam: "You listened to what your woman said, and you ate a fruit of this tree which I have forbidden you from eating. And so I will now corrupt the earth, and food will not grow well enough. You will work very hard forever to make food grow in the ground.
- (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [lawŋ͡m˧˧]
- (Huế) IPA(key): [lawŋ͡m˧˧] ~ [lɔŋ˧˧]
- (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [lawŋ͡m˧˧]
- (only in compounds) dragon
- Soft mutation of .
|Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.|
- Alternative form of
- 1867, CONGRATULATORY ADDRESS IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, line 12:
- praie var long an happie zins, shorne o'lournagh an ee-vilt wi benisons,
- implore long and happy days, free from melancholy and full of blessings,
- Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 116