mí-

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See also: mi- and mì-

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish mí-, from Proto-Indo-European *mei- ‎(to change). Cognate with English mis-, Latin minus ‎(lesser), Ancient Greek μείων ‎(meíōn, less). Compare Scottish Gaelic mì-.

Prefix[edit]

mí-

  1. Having a negative or missing quality;
    mis-, ill-, mal-
  2. not
    un-, in-

Usage notes[edit]

  • Does not change form for broad or slender nouns;
  • Triggers lenition when attached to a noun or adjective beginning with a consonant:
    ceart ‎(right, correct) → mícheart ‎(incorrect, wrong)
    cothrom ‎(equal; balanced; level) → míchothrom ‎(uneven)
  • Written with a hyphen when attached to nouns or adjectives beginning with a vowel:
    ordú ‎(order) → mí-ordú ‎(disorder)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
mí- mhí- unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]



Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from mis ‎(less). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *mei- ‎(to change).

Prefix[edit]

mí-

  1. (pejorative) evil, ill, sinister

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • "mí-" in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.