mí-

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See also: mi- and mì-

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish mí- (compare Scottish Gaelic mì-), from Proto-Indo-European *mei- (to change). Cognate with English mis-, Latin minus (lesser), Ancient Greek μείων (meíōn, less).

Prefix[edit]

mí-

  1. Having a negative or missing quality;
    bad, ill-, evil, dis-, mis-, mal-
  2. not
    un-, in-, dis-, mis-

Usage notes[edit]

  • Does not change form for broad or slender nouns;
  • Triggers lenition when attached to a noun or adjective beginning with a consonant:
    ceart (right, correct)mícheart (incorrect, wrong)
    cothrom (equal; balanced; level)míchothrom (uneven)
  • Written with a hyphen when attached to nouns or adjectives beginning with a vowel:
    ordú (order)mí-ordú (disorder)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
mí- mhí- not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • mí-” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from mis (less). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *mei- (to change).

Prefix[edit]

mí-

  1. (pejorative) evil, ill, sinister

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
mí-
also mmí- after a proclitic
mí-
pronounced with /ṽ(ʲ)-/
mí-
also mmí- after a proclitic
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • mí-” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.