mí-

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: mi- and mì-

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish mí- (compare Scottish Gaelic mì-), from Proto-Indo-European *mei-(to change). Cognate with English mis-, Latin minus(lesser), Ancient Greek μείων(meíōn, less).

Prefix[edit]

mí-

  1. Having a negative or missing quality;
    bad, ill-, evil, dis-, mis-, mal-
  2. not
    un-, in-, dis-, mis-

Usage notes[edit]

  • Does not change form for broad or slender nouns;
  • Triggers lenition when attached to a noun or adjective beginning with a consonant:
    ceart(right, correct)mícheart(incorrect, wrong)
    cothrom(equal; balanced; level)míchothrom(uneven)
  • Written with a hyphen when attached to nouns or adjectives beginning with a vowel:
    ordú(order)mí-ordú(disorder)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
mí- mhí- unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • mí-” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from mis(less). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *mei-(to change).

Prefix[edit]

mí-

  1. (pejorative) evil, ill, sinister

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
mí-
also mmí- after a proclitic
mí-
pronounced with /ṽ(ʲ)-/
mí-
also mmí- after a proclitic
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • mí-” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.