mal

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /mæl/
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from French mal (illness). Doublet of malus.

Noun[edit]

mal (plural mals)

  1. (only in set phrases) illness, affliction.
    a grand mal seizure
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Clipping of malibu.

Noun[edit]

mal (plural mals)

  1. (surfing) A longboard (type of surfboard).

Etymology 3[edit]

Clipping of malleolus.

Noun[edit]

mal (plural mals)

  1. (medicine, informal) A malleolus.
    lateral mal
Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Albanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sq

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Illyrian origin; from Proto-Albanian *mala,[1] from Illyrian *mol-on. Vladimir Orel proposed Lithuanian land and Latvian mala (bank, shore) as cognates. Proto-Albanian *mal- reflecing on ancient Balkan toponym Illyrian *Maluntum/*Malontum, *Dimallum,*Malontina, *Maloventum and Dacian Maluesensis.[2][3] Preserved in patroynms, ethnonym malësor (highlander, mountaineer), in toponym (historical and ethnographic region) Malësia (north Albania and Montenegro). In Kosovo (Malishevë, Gjilan, Mališevo, Prizren), in Serbia (Maleševo (Golubac), Maleševo (Rekovac)) and the name of Maleshevo Mountain (North Macedonia and Bulgaria).[4] Gil'Ferding proposed Sanskrit मरु (marú, wilderness, mountain, rock) as a cognate. According to Michel Morvan a common pre-indo-european substrate with Basque malda (slope) and malkor (precipice)[5] (cf. pre-indo-european geonymic root *mal (*mel, *mol); Dravidian மலை (malai, hill, mountain) and Malayalam മല (mala, id)).

La Piana and Huld suggested Old English molda (forehead) and Sanskrit मूर्धन् (mūrdhan, head, top, summit), both derived from *ml̥Hdʰṓ. Also connected to Ancient Greek *μλωθρός (*mlōthrós), μέλαθρον (mélathron, ridgepole), βλαστάνω (blastánō, to sprout, grow). Cf. also Ancient Greek βλωθρός (blōthrós, lofty), Avestan 𐬐𐬀-𐬨𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬜𐬋(ka-mərəδō, demon's head), with a semantic development from ‘head’ > ‘summit’, compare malë (tongue tip, tree top)) > ‘mountain’.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mal m (indefinite plural male, definite singular mali, definite plural malet)

  1. mount
  2. mountain
    Synonym: bjeshkë

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Aromanian: mal, meal
  • Romanian: mal (shore)

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998) , “mal”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 243 → (“Proto-Albanian *mala was borrowed into Rum. mal ('bank')”)
  2. ^ Gustav Meyer (1891) Etymologisches Wörterbuch der albanesischen Sprache, Trübner, page 273
  3. ^ Gustav Meyer (1892) Albanesische Studien III. Lautlehre des indogermanischen Bestandteile des Albanesischen, Carl Gerold's Sohn, page 63, 78
  4. ^ Ernst Eichler, Gerold Hilty, Heinrich Löffler, Hugo Steger, Ladislav Zgusta (1995) Namenforschung 1. Teilband (Name Studies Volume 1, Les noms propres Tome 1), Walter de Gruyter & Co., Berlin - New York, →ISBN Invalid ISBN, page 718 → (Chapter: 104. Illyrian-Albanian Toponyms)[1]
  5. ^ Michel Morvan (1996) Les origines linguistiques du Basque (The linguistic origins of Basque), Presses Universitaires de Bordeaux, →ISBN

Aleut[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

mal

  1. to do

References[edit]


Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate to Daco-Romanian mal. From Proto-Albanian *mala (mountain) (Albanian mal). Proto-Albanian *mal- reflecting on ancient Balkan toponymy Illyrian *Maluntum/*Malontum, *Dimallum,*Malontina, *Maloventum and Dacian Maluesensis.[1][2][3][4] See Albanian mal (mountain) for more.

Noun[edit]

mal

  1. shore
  2. pile, heap

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ernst Eichler, Gerold Hilty, Heinrich Löffler, Hugo Steger, Ladislav Zgusta (1995) Namenforschung 1. Teilband (Name Studies Volume 1, Les noms propres Tome 1), Walter de Gruyter & Co., Berlin - New York, →ISBN Invalid ISBN, page 718 → (Chapter: 104. Illyrian-Albanian Toponyms)[2]
  2. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998) , “mal”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 243 → (“Proto-Albanian *mala was borrowed into Rum. mal ('bank')”)
  3. ^ Gustav Meyer (1891) Etymologisches Wörterbuch der albanesischen Sprache, Trübner, page 273
  4. ^ Gustav Meyer (1892) Albanesische Studien III. Lautlehre des indogermanischen Bestandteile des Albanesischen, Carl Gerold's Sohn, page 63, 78



Azerbaijani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic مَال(māl, property).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mal (definite accusative malı, plural mallar)

  1. property
    Synonym: əmlak
  2. goods, ware, commodity, product
    Çindən gətirilən mallargoods imported from China
    Synonyms: məhsul, (formal) əmtəə
  3. (colloquial) cargo
  4. cattle, livestock
  5. cow
    Synonym: inək
  6. beef (mostly in combination with ət (meet))
    mal ətibeef
  7. (colloquial, by extension) a dumb, dull person; an idiot
    Nə var mal kimi durmusan orada?Don't stand there like an idiot!
  8. (colloquial, vulgar, by extension) a well-fed, plump woman

Declension[edit]


Bouyei[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Tai *ʰmaːᴬ (to come). Cognate with Thai มา (maa), Northern Thai ᨾᩣ (ma), Lao ມາ (), ᦙᦱ (maa), Ahom 𑜉𑜠 (ma), 𑜉𑜡 (maa), 𑜉𑜡𑜠 (maaa), Zhuang maz.

Verb[edit]

mal

  1. to come
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Tai *ʰmaːᴬ (dog). Cognate with Thai หมา (mǎa), Lao ໝາ (), ᦖᦱ (ṁaa), Shan မႃ (mǎa), Zhuang ma.

Noun[edit]

mal

  1. dog
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Cara[edit]

Noun[edit]

mal

  1. water

References[edit]

  • R. Blench, The Rukul language of Central Nigeria and its affinities (2006) (mentions this word in notes)

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Occitan mal, from Latin malus.

Noun[edit]

mal m (plural mals)

  1. evil, bad
    Antonym:
  2. illness
    Synonym: malaltia
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Occitan mal, from Latin male.

Adverb[edit]

mal

  1. badly, poorly
    Synonym: malament
    Antonym:
Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mal (feminine mala, masculine plural mals, feminine plural males)

  1. bad, poor
    Synonym: dolent
    Antonym: bo
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Cebuano[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: mal

Noun[edit]

mal

  1. (billiards) a foul

Verb[edit]

mal

  1. (billiards) to commit a foul

Cimbrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German māl, from Old High German māl, from Proto-West Germanic *māl, from Proto-Germanic *mēlą (measurement; time; meal). Cognate with German Mal, Mahl, English meal.

Noun[edit]

mal n

  1. (Luserna) meal

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Dalmatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin malus.

Noun[edit]

mal

  1. evil, harm

Danish[edit]

Verb[edit]

mal

  1. imperative of male

Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French modle, an old (11th century) borrowing from Latin modulus (measure).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mal f (plural mallen, diminutive malletje n)

  1. mold, cast (device to help creating shapes)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch mal, of uncertain origin, possibly related to French mal (bad) or Dutch malen (to grind, crush) in the sense "broken, twisted."

Adjective[edit]

mal (comparative maller, superlative malst)

  1. foolish, crazy, lacking common sense
Usage notes[edit]

The adjective mal always refers to an aspect of a thing or person. It is the adjective form of the noun mallerd. For other senses, dwaas, dom and gek are used.

Inflection[edit]
Inflection of mal
uninflected mal
inflected malle
comparative maller
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial mal maller het malst
het malste
indefinite m./f. sing. malle mallere malste
n. sing. mal maller malste
plural malle mallere malste
definite malle mallere malste
partitive mals mallers
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French mal, from Latin malus, possibly derived from Proto-Indo-European *mel- (bad, wrong). Near cognates include Portuguese mal, Italian male and Spanish malo.

Noun[edit]

mal m (plural maux)

  1. (as in the phrase: avoir du mal) trouble, difficulty
    J'ai du mal à m'imaginer ça.I have trouble imagining that.
    Synonyms: problème, emmerde
  2. pain
    J'ai mal à la tête.I have a headache. (literally, “I have pain at the head.”)
    • 1986, “Il était une fois … une maison des musiciens [There Once Was… a House of Musicians]”, in Il était une fois … une petite grenouille [There Once Was… a Little Frog] (fiction), Paris: CLE International:
      Aïe, j'ai mal au bras !
      Ouille, j'ai mal aux dents! Et toi, le lit, tu n'as pas mal aux pieds ?
      Non, mais j'ai mal à la tête.
      Moi, j'ai mal aux oreilles !
      Argh, my arms hurt!
      Oww, my teeth hurt! How about you, bed, don't your legs hurt?
      No, it's my head that hurts.
      As for me, my ears hurt!
  3. evil
    Le mal est fait.The damage is done.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • English: mal

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French, from Latin male.

Adverb[edit]

mal

  1. badly
    C'est mal fait.It's done badly.

Adjective[edit]

mal (feminine singular male, masculine plural maux, feminine plural males)

  1. (in set phrases and limited constructions) bad
    bon an, mal angood year, bad year
    bon gré, mal gréwilly-nilly (literally, “good will, bad will”)
    Il est mal de [infinitive](please add an English translation of this usage example)
    C'est mal de [infinitive](please add an English translation of this usage example)
Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Galician[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese mal, from Latin male.

Adverb[edit]

mal

  1. badly
    Antonym: ben

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese mal, from Latin malum.

Noun[edit]

mal m (plural males)

  1. misfortune
  2. bad; evil
  3. sickness; desease

Etymology 3[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mal m sg

  1. (before the noun) Apocopic form of malo

Etymology 4[edit]

Peasants using males ("flails") to thresh cereal

Attested since circa 1300 (máále), from Latin manualis (manual). Cognate with Portuguese mangual.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

mal m (plural males)

  1. flail
    • c1300, R. Martínez López (ed.), General Estoria. Versión gallega del siglo XIV. Oviedo: Archivum, page 271:
      cõmo faz a lyma ao ferro, et a fornaz ao ouro que o purga et esmera et o faz puro et paresçe mellor, et cõmo faz outrosi o máále áá messe que a degrana em çeueyra et parte a palla do graão que e o mellor
      as the file does to iron, and the furnace to gold, that purges and cleans it and makes it pure and looks better; and also as the flail does to the harvest, that threshes it into sustenance and parts the straw and the grain, which is the best part
    • 1474, Antonio López Ferreiro (ed.), Galicia Histórica. Colección diplomática. Santiago: Tipografía Galaica, page 67:
      Iten, preçaron hun maal en tres maravedis
      Item, they appraised a flail in three coins
  2. handle of the flail
    Synonyms: mango, mangueira, moca

References[edit]

  • mal” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • maal” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • mal” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • mal” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • mal” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the noun Mal (time). Partly shortened from einmal, which is also derived from the noun.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

mal

  1. times (indicating multiplication of two numbers)
    sechs mal sieben ist zweiundvierzig
    six times seven is forty-two
  2. (informal) Alternative form of einmal (sometime, ever, once), may serve to introduce a new information.
    Wenn du in Köln bist, musst du mal bei deiner Tante anrufen.
    When you’re in Cologne, you must call your aunt sometime.
    Ich geh mal zum Kaffeestand.
    I’m off to the coffee stall.
    (going to the coffee stall was not discussed at the moment)
  3. (informal) Softening a sentence, thus making a request or command more polite. By extension, indicating a command or request.
    Haben Sie mal Feuer?
    Do you have a lighter [please]?
    (can not imply that the asker is offering his lighter)
    Haste Feuer?
    D'ya have fire?
    (may imply that the asker is offering his lighter)
    Du musst mal deine Tante anrufen.
    You have to call your aunt.
    (urging to do it now or very soon)

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

mal

  1. singular imperative of malen
  2. (colloquial) first-person singular present of malen

Further reading[edit]

  • mal” in Duden online

Guinea-Bissau Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese mal. Cognate with Kabuverdianu mal.

Adjective[edit]

mal

  1. bad

Related terms[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From mala (to purr).

Noun[edit]

mal n (genitive singular mals, no plural)

  1. purr
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See malur.

Noun[edit]

mal

  1. indefinite accusative singular of malur

Interlingua[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin malus.

Adjective[edit]

mal (comparative plus mal, superlative le plus mal)

  1. bad
  2. evil

Adverb[edit]

mal (comparative plus mal, superlative le plus mal)

  1. badly, poorly
  2. wrongfully

Noun[edit]

mal (plural males)

  1. bad, badness, something bad
  2. evil
  3. illness
  4. pain, ache

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

mal m (invariable)

  1. Apocopic form of male

Kabuverdianu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese mal.

Adjective[edit]

mal

  1. bad

Related terms[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Verb[edit]

mal

  1. 2nd person singular present indicative form of malt
  2. 2nd person singular imperative form of malt

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French mal.

Noun[edit]

mal m (plural maulx)

  1. bad act

Descendants[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mal m (feminine singular male or malle, masculine plural maulx, feminine plural males or malles)

  1. bad; evil

Descendants[edit]


Middle Welsh[edit]

Noun[edit]

mal

  1. tax

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French mal, from Latin male.

Adverb[edit]

mal

  1. (Guernsey) badly

Adjective[edit]

mal

  1. (Guernsey) bad

Northern Kurdish[edit]

Noun[edit]

mal f

  1. home, house

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Dutch mal.

Noun[edit]

mal m (definite singular malen, indefinite plural maler, definite plural malene)

  1. a template

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

mal

  1. imperative of male

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Dutch mal.

Noun[edit]

mal m (definite singular malen, indefinite plural malar, definite plural malane)

  1. a template

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

mal

  1. imperative of mala

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *mailą.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

māl n

  1. mole (spot on the skin)
  2. mark, spot

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin male.

Adverb[edit]

mal

  1. evilly
  2. badly; poorly
Descendants[edit]
  • Middle French: mal

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin malus.

Noun[edit]

mal m (oblique plural maus or max or mals, nominative singular maus or max or mals, nominative plural mal)

  1. evil
  2. pain, suffering
Descendants[edit]
  • Middle French: mal

Adjective[edit]

mal m (oblique and nominative feminine singular male, comparative peior, superlative peior)

  1. bad (undesirable; not good)
Descendants[edit]
  • Middle French: mal

Old Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin malus. Gallo-Romance cognate with Old French mal.

Adjective[edit]

mal

  1. bad (negative)
  2. bad (evil)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Old Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin male (badly; wrongly).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

mal

  1. badly

Descendants[edit]


Phalura[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mal f (Perso-Arabic spelling مل)

  1. goats

Inflection[edit]

i-decl (Obl): -í

References[edit]

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[4], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese mal, from Latin male (badly; wrongly).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • mar (eye dialect spelling, representing Caipira Portuguese)

Adverb[edit]

mal (comparatives mais mal, pior superlative o mais mal)

  1. badly (in a faulty, dysfunctional or incorrect manner)
    O carro está funcionando bem mal.
    The car is running pretty badly.
    João fala inglês mal.
    John speaks English badly.
  2. (preceding verbs) hardly; barely
    Ele mal consegue estudar com todo esse barulho.
    He can hardly study with all this noise.
  3. wrong (incorrect)
    A resposta está mal.
    The answer is wrong.
  4. unfavourably (in an unfavourable manner)
    Penso mal de ti.
    I think unfavourably of you.
    Ele fala mal de ti.
    He speaks unfavourably of you.
  5. (in compounds) evilly
    mal-assombradohaunted (literally, “evilly-shadowed”)
    mal-agouradocursed (literally, “evilly-foreboded”)
Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:mal.

Synonyms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

mal

  1. have/had just; have/had barely
    Mal saí quando a encontrei.
    I had barely gone out when I found her.
Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:mal.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin malus.

Noun[edit]

mal m (plural males)

  1. (uncountable) evil (malevolent forces or behaviour)
    As forças do mal cercaram o castelo.
    The forces of evil sieged the castle.
  2. harm
    Ela não fez por mal.
    She meant no harm.
    Não faz mal.
    No problem. (It does not matter.)
  3. malady (any ailment or disease, especially a lingering one)
    Males como a SIDA e pneumonia são mortais.
    Illnesses such as AIDS and pneumonia are deadly.
Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:mal.

Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mal

  1. (Brazil) Misspelling of mau.

Descendants[edit]

  • Guinea-Bissau Creole: mal
  • Kabuverdianu: mal

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate to Aromanian mal, and meal. From Proto-Albanian *mala (mountain) (Standard Albanian mal).[1][2][3][4] See Albanian mal (mountain) for more.

Noun[edit]

mal n (plural maluri)

  1. shore

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ernst Eichler, Gerold Hilty, Heinrich Löffler, Hugo Steger, Ladislav Zgusta (1995) Namenforschung 1. Teilband (Name Studies Volume 1, Les noms propres Tome 1), Walter de Gruyter & Co., Berlin - New York, →ISBN Invalid ISBN, page 718 → (Chapter: 104. Illyrian-Albanian Toponyms)[3]
  2. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998) , “mal”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 243 → (“Proto-Albanian *mala was borrowed into Rum. mal ('bank')”)
  3. ^ Gustav Meyer (1891) Etymologisches Wörterbuch der albanesischen Sprache, Trübner, page 273
  4. ^ Gustav Meyer (1892) Albanesische Studien III. Lautlehre des indogermanischen Bestandteile des Albanesischen, Carl Gerold's Sohn, page 63, 78

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *malъ, from Proto-Indo-European *moh₁los.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mȃl (definite mȃlī, comparative mȁnjī, Cyrillic spelling ма̑л)

  1. small

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Participle[edit]

mal

  1. masculine singular l-participle of mať

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Apocopic form of malo, from Latin malus, possibly derived from Proto-Indo-European *mel- (bad, wrong).

Adjective[edit]

mal m (apocopate, standard form malo)

  1. (before the noun) Apocopic form of malo bad; evil
  2. amiss, awry, off, wrong
    Me di cuenta de que algo estaba mal.I realized something was amiss.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Mal is only used before a masculine singular noun. In other positions, malo is used instead.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin male.

Adverb[edit]

mal (comparative peor)

  1. badly, poorly, ill
    No hables mal de los muertos.Don't speak ill of the dead.
    Qué mal.Too bad. / That's too bad.
  2. awry, amiss, wrong, wrongly
    Tu plan maestro salió mal bastante rápidoYour master plan went awry pretty quickly.
  3. hard (functions as an adverb in Spanish but translates as an adjective in English)
    Estoy pasándolo mal con todo ahora mismo.I'm just having a hard time with everything right now.
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

mal m (plural males)

  1. evil, harm; a bad thing or situation
    de mal en peorfrom bad to worse
  2. disease, illness, ailment
    ... le curaremos, si es que su mal tiene cura...... we shall cure him, if his ailment has a cure... (Cervantes, Quijote, ch. 23)
  3. worse (substantive)
    para bien o para malfor better or for worse
Derived terms[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse mǫlr, from Proto-Germanic *malwan, from Proto-Indo-European *molH-(y)o-. See also Gothic 𐌼𐌰𐌻𐍉 (malō) and German Milbe.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mal c

  1. moth
  2. wels catfish (Silurus glanis)

Declension[edit]

Declension of mal 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative mal malen malar malarna
Genitive mals malens malars malarnas

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

mal

  1. imperative of mala.
  2. present tense of mala.

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic مَال(māl, property).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɑɫ/
  • Hyphenation: mal

Noun[edit]

mal (definite accusative malı, plural mallar)

  1. cattle
  2. goods, property
  3. asset
  4. (economy) merchandise
  5. (law) goods, commodity
  6. (colloquial, derogatory) a stupid and annoying person, douche, prick
  7. (slang, vulgar) a prostitute
  8. (slang) heroin

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative mal
Definite accusative malı
Singular Plural
Nominative mal mallar
Definite accusative malı malları
Dative mala mallara
Locative malda mallarda
Ablative maldan mallardan
Genitive malın malların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular malım mallarım
2nd singular malın malların
3rd singular malı malları
1st plural malımız mallarımız
2nd plural malınız mallarınız
3rd plural malları malları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular malımı mallarımı
2nd singular malını mallarını
3rd singular malını mallarını
1st plural malımızı mallarımızı
2nd plural malınızı mallarınızı
3rd plural mallarını mallarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular malıma mallarıma
2nd singular malına mallarına
3rd singular malına mallarına
1st plural malımıza mallarımıza
2nd plural malınıza mallarınıza
3rd plural mallarına mallarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular malımda mallarımda
2nd singular malında mallarında
3rd singular malında mallarında
1st plural malımızda mallarımızda
2nd plural malınızda mallarınızda
3rd plural mallarında mallarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular malımdan mallarımdan
2nd singular malından mallarından
3rd singular malından mallarından
1st plural malımızdan mallarımızdan
2nd plural malınızdan mallarınızdan
3rd plural mallarından mallarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular malımın mallarımın
2nd singular malının mallarının
3rd singular malının mallarının
1st plural malımızın mallarımızın
2nd plural malınızın mallarınızın
3rd plural mallarının mallarının
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular malım mallarım
2nd singular malsın mallarsın
3rd singular mal
maldır
mallar
mallardır
1st plural malız mallarız
2nd plural malsınız mallarsınız
3rd plural mallar mallardır

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • mal in Turkish dictionaries at Türk Dil Kurumu

Westrobothnian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse mǫrðr, from Proto-Germanic *marþuz.

Noun[edit]

mal m

  1. marten (mammal)

Zou[edit]

Mal.

Noun[edit]

mal

  1. thigh

References[edit]

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 45