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From Ancient Greek μηρός (mērós, thigh).


merus (plural meri)

  1. (rare, obsolete) The thigh. [18th–19th c.]
  2. (zoology) The meropodite; the first segment of the raptorial appendage of a crustacean. [from 19th c.]
  3. (architecture) The plane surface between the channels of a triglyph. [from 19th c.]

Derived terms[edit]




From Proto-Indo-European *mer- (to sparkle, glimmer, gleam); see also Ancient Greek μαρμαίρω (marmaírō), Sanskrit मरीचि (marīci, beam, ray), Old Irish emer, and Old English āmerian (to purify).



merus (feminine mera, neuter merum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. sheer, undiluted, pure (especially of wine)


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative merus mera merum merī merae mera
Genitive merī merae merī merōrum merārum merōrum
Dative merō merō merīs
Accusative merum meram merum merōs merās mera
Ablative merō merā merō merīs
Vocative mere mera merum merī merae mera

Derived terms[edit]


  • Catalan: mer
  • Old French: mier
  • Italian: mero
  • Portuguese: mero
  • Spanish: mero


  • merus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • merus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • merus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • merus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • merus”, in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly