mid

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See also: MID, mid-, Mid., -mid, and mið

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /mɪd/
  • Rhymes: -ɪd
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English mid, midde, from Old English midd (mid, middle, midway), from Proto-West Germanic *midi, from Proto-Germanic *midjaz (mid, middle, adjective), from Proto-Indo-European *médʰyos (between, in the middle, middle). Cognate with Dutch midden (in the middle), German Mitte (center, middle, mean), Icelandic miður (middle, adjective), Latin medius (middle, noun and adjective). See also middle.

Adjective[edit]

mid (not comparable)

  1. Denoting the middle part.
    mid ocean
  2. Occupying a middle position; middle.
    mid finger
    mid hour of night
  3. (linguistics) Made with a somewhat elevated position of some certain part of the tongue, in relation to the palate; midway between the high and the low; said of certain vowel sounds, such as, /e o ɛ ɔ/.
  4. (African-American Vernacular, slang) Of marijuana, midgrade.
  5. (African-American Vernacular, slang) Of mediocre quality.
    a verse that is mid at best and inappropriate at worst [1]

Preposition[edit]

mid

  1. Amid.
    Mid the best.
Derived terms[edit]

See also those listed at Category:English terms prefixed with mid-.

Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English mid, midde, from Old English midd (midst, middle, noun), from Proto-Germanic *midją, *midjǭ, *midjô (middle, center) < *midjaz, from Proto-Indo-European *médʰyos (between, in the middle, middle). Cognate with German Mitte (center, middle, midst), Danish midje (middle), Icelandic midja (middle). See also median, Latin mediānus.

Noun[edit]

mid (plural mids)

  1. (archaic) middle

Etymology 3[edit]

Clipping of mid-range.

Noun[edit]

mid (plural mids)

  1. (disc golf) A mid-range.

Etymology 4[edit]

From or representing German mit, and/or perhaps German Low German mid. Although Middle English had a native preposition mid with this same meaning ("with"), it had fallen out of use by the end of the 1300s[1] and survived into the modern English period only in the compounds mididone, midwife, and theremid.

Preposition[edit]

mid

  1. (in representations of German-accented English) With.

Etymology 5[edit]

Shortening of mediocre.

Adjective[edit]

mid (comparative more mid, superlative most mid)

  1. (slang) Used to insult or degrade an opposing opinion, labelling it average or poor quality; trashy, of low quality, not so good, crappy

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, 1884–1928, and First Supplement, 1933.

Anagrams[edit]


German Low German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • met (in some dialects)
  • mit (in some dialects)
  • möt (Low Prussian)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German mit, mid, from Old Saxon mid. Cognate with North Frisian mits (with), Dutch met (with), German mit (with). For more, see Middle English mid.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

mid

  1. (in some dialects) with

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

mi (what) +‎ -d (your, of yours, possessive suffix)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈmid]
  • Hyphenation: mid

Pronoun[edit]

mid

  1. second-person singular single-possession possessive of mi

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative mid
accusative midet
dative midnek
instrumental middel
causal-final midért
translative middé
terminative midig
essive-formal midként
essive-modal
inessive midben
superessive miden
adessive midnél
illative midbe
sublative midre
allative midhez
elative midből
delative midről
ablative midtől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
midé
non-attributive
possessive - plural
midéi

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Old English mid (with, in conjunction with, in company with, together with, into the presence of, through, by means of, by, among, in, at (time), in the sight of, opinion of, preposition), from Proto-West Germanic *midi (with).

Cognate with North Frisian mits (with), Dutch met (with), Low German mit (with), German mit (with), Danish med (with), Icelandic með (with), Ancient Greek μετά (metá, among, between, with), Albanian me (with, together), Sanskrit स्मत् (smat, together, at the same time).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

mid

  1. with
  2. amid, amidst
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Old English midd.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mid

  1. mid-, middle, central, intermediate
  2. that is or are in the middle or intermediate in time
Descendants[edit]
  • English: mid
References[edit]

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *midi. Compare Old Saxon mid, Old High German mit, Old Norse með.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

mid

  1. with

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle English: mid

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *medu, from Proto-Indo-European *médʰu.[1]

Noun[edit]

mid n (genitive meda)

  1. mead
    • c. 815–840, published in "The Monastery of Tallaght", in Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy (1911-1912, Royal Irish Academy), edited and with translations by Edward J. Gwynn and Walter J. Purton, vol. 29, pp. 115–179, paragraph 40,
      mesce tre ol corma(e) nó chingiti meda(e)
      tipsiness through drinking beer or a goblet of mead

Inflection[edit]

Neuter u-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative midN
Vocative midN
Accusative midN
Genitive medoH, medaH
Dative midL
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
mid
also mmid after a proclitic
mid
pronounced with /ṽ(ʲ)-/
unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*medu”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 261

Old Saxon[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *midi.

Preposition[edit]

mid

  1. with

Adverb[edit]

mid

  1. with, together, along

Somali[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Cushitic. Cognates include Burji micca and Hadiyya mato.

Numeral[edit]

mid

  1. one

References[edit]

  • Somali Wörterbuch by M. A. Farah - D. Heck (Buske Verlag, Hamburg 1993)