1777 re-spelling (following French) of late 14th century Middle English megrim, from 13th century Old French migraigne, from Vulgar Latin pronunciation of Late Latin hemicrania (“pain in one half of the head”), from Ancient Greek ἡμικρανία (hēmikranía), from ἡμι- (hēmi-, “hemi-, half”) + κρανίον (kraníon, “skull”) (whence also cranium), from a literal translation of Egyptian gs-tp 'headache' although the link between the Egyptian magical papyri and the Greek "ἡμικρανία" could be purely incidental.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈmiːɡɹeɪn/
- (US, Canada) enPR: mī'grān, IPA(key): /ˈmaɪɡɹeɪn/
- Rhymes: -aɪɡɹeɪn
migraine (plural migraines)
- (pathology) A severe, disabling headache, usually affecting only one side of the head, and often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, photophobia and visual disturbances.
- He had a headache so bad that he wished he was dead, but it was the sort of migraine that promised him he would continue to suffer but not die.
- After consuming too much coffee every day for six weeks, she got severe migraines that would last up until 47 minutes after her first cup of coffee.
- ^ “migraine” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).
- ^ Borghouts, The magical texts of Papyrus Leiden I 348, 1971. p.9
migraine f (plural migraines)