minor

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See also: Minor, minör, and minôr

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Middle English, borrowed from Latin minor (less, smaller, inferior). Compare Latin minuō, Old High German minniro.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

minor (comparative more minor, superlative most minor)

  1. Lesser in importance, size, degree, seriousness, or significance; comparatively unimportant.
    The physical appearance of a candidate is a minor factor in recruitment.
    of minor importance
    • 1992, Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, →ISBN, page viii:
      There is now such an immense "microliterature" on hepatics that, beyond a certain point I have given up trying to integrate (and evaluate) every minor paper published—especially narrowly floristic papers.
    1. (medicine) Not serious or involving risk to life.
      She suffered a minor injury.
  2. (music):
    1. (of a scale) Having intervals of a semitone between the second and third degrees, and (usually) the fifth and sixth, and the seventh and eighth.
      a minor scale
    2. (of an interval) Characteristic of a minor scale and less by a semitone than the equivalent major interval.
      1. Having a minor third above the root.
        minor triad
    3. (usually postpositive) (of a key or mode) Based on a minor scale and tending to produce a sad or pensive effect.
  3. Not having reached majority.
    minor children
    Synonym: underage
    1. (UK, dated) Indicating the younger of two brothers, following a surname in public schools.
  4. (Canada, US, education) Of or relating to an academic subject requiring fewer courses than a major.
  5. (logic):
    1. (of a term) Occurring as the subject of the conclusion of a categorical syllogism.
    2. (of a premise) Containing the minor term in a categorical syllogism.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

minor (plural minors)

  1. A person who is below the age of majority, consent, criminal responsibility or other adult responsibilities and accountabilities.
    It is illegal to sell weapons to minors under the age of eighteen.
    Antonym: adult
    1. (British slang, dated) A younger brother (especially at a public school).
  2. (music):
    1. Ellipsis of minor scale.
    2. Ellipsis of minor interval.
    3. Ellipsis of minor key.
    4. (campanology) Bell changes rung on six bells.
  3. (Canada, US, sports, in the plural) The minor leagues in baseball or American football.
  4. (Canada, US, education) A subject area of secondary concentration of a student at a college or university.
    I had so many credit hours of English, it became my minor.
    1. The student who has chosen such a secondary concentration.
      I became an English minor.
  5. (mathematics) A determinant of a square submatrix.
  6. (logic):
    1. Ellipsis of minor term.
    2. Ellipsis of minor premise.
  7. (bridge) Ellipsis of minor suit.
  8. (entomology):
    1. A small drab moth which has purplish caterpillars that feed on grass.
    2. A small worker in a leaf-cutter ant colony, sized between a minim and a media.

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

minor (third-person singular simple present minors, present participle minoring, simple past and past participle minored) (intransitive)

  1. Used in a phrasal verb: minor in.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From Latin minor.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈminɔr]
  • Hyphenation: mi‧nor

Adjective[edit]

minor

  1. minor.
    Antonym: mayor

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

minor (not comparable)

  1. (comparative degree of parve) smaller

Adjective[edit]

le minor

  1. the smallest

Synonyms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

minor (apocopated)

  1. Apocopic form of minore

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Italic *minwōs, from Proto-Indo-European *mey- (small, little). Doublet of minuō.

Adjective[edit]

minor (neuter minus, positive parvus); third declension

  1. comparative degree of parvus:
    1. less, lesser, inferior, smaller
    2. cheaper
    3. younger
Inflection[edit]

Third-declension comparative adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative minor minus minōrēs minōra
Genitive minōris minōrum
Dative minōrī minōribus
Accusative minōrem minus minōrēs minōra
Ablative minōre minōribus
Vocative minor minus minōrēs minōra
Antonyms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

minor m (genitive minōris); third declension

  1. subordinate, minor, inferior in rank
  2. person under age (e.g. 25 years old), minor
    1. (poetic, in the plural) children; descendants, posterity
      29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 1.532–533:
      nunc fama minores Italiam dixisse ducis de nomine gentem.
      now there is a rumor that a later people called the land Italy from the name of their leader.
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Inflection[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative minor minōrēs
Genitive minōris minōrum
Dative minōrī minōribus
Accusative minōrem minōrēs
Ablative minōre minōribus
Vocative minor minōrēs

Etymology 2[edit]

From minae (threats, menaces) +‎ -or (verbal suffix). Doublet of minō.

Verb[edit]

minor (present infinitive minārī, perfect active minātus sum); first conjugation, deponent

  1. (literally, poetic) I jut forth, protrude, project
  2. (transferred sense) [+ablative] I threaten, menace
Quote-alpha.png This entry needs quotations to illustrate usage. If you come across any interesting, durably archived quotes then please add them!
Inflection[edit]
   Conjugation of minor (first conjugation, deponent)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present minor mināris, mināre minātur mināmur mināminī minantur
imperfect minābar minābāris, minābāre minābātur minābāmur minābāminī minābantur
future minābor mināberis, minābere minābitur minābimur minābiminī minābuntur
perfect minātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect minātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect minātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present miner minēris, minēre minētur minēmur minēminī minentur
imperfect minārer minārēris, minārēre minārētur minārēmur minārēminī minārentur
perfect minātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect minātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mināre mināminī
future minātor minātor minantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives minārī minātum esse minātūrum esse
participles mināns minātus minātūrus minandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
minandī minandō minandum minandō minātum minātū
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • (adjective) minor in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • (verb) minor in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • minor in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • minor in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • minor in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be not yet twenty: minorem esse viginti annis
    • to be indisposed: leviter aegrotare, minus valere
  • minor in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • minor in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French mineur, from Latin minor.

Adjective[edit]

minor m or n (feminine singular minoră, masculine plural minori, feminine and neuter plural minore)

  1. minor

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

minor

  1. indefinite plural of mina