mund

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See also: Mund and mund'

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English and Old English mund, from Proto-Germanic *mundō (hand, protection, security).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /mʊnd/, /mʌnd/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʊnd, -ʌnd

Noun[edit]

mund (countable and uncountable, plural munds)

  1. (obsolete) A hand.
  2. (obsolete) Security, granted by a king or earl, the violation of which was punished by a fine (a mundbyrd).
  3. (obsolete) Protection; guardianship.

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Albanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Uncertain: Possibly:

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

mund (aorist munda, participle mundur)

  1. (intransitive) can, to be able to; to have the opportunity, power or ability
  2. followed by
    1. grammatical particle used for conjunctive forms
      A mund të më tregoni shtëpinë?
      Could you show me the house?
    2. (third person) could be possible; possibly, maybe, perhaps (used as a semi-auxiliary verb)
  3. to beat, win over, conquer
  4. (transitive) to defeat, beat; to emerge victorious (in a match, battle)
  5. to survive, get over, beat (a fear, illness, disease)
  6. (figurative, third person) take over (with short pronoun forms)
    Më mundi gjumi.
    The sleep took over me
  7. (mediopassive) See mundem.
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Çabej, E. (1986) Studime gjuhësore (in Albanian), volume I, Prishtinë: Rilindja, pages 357–358
  2. ^ Demiraj, B. (1997), “mund”, in Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: []] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7) (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi
  3. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (1998), “mund”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden; Boston; Köln: Brill, →ISBN, pages 277–278
  4. ^ Meyer, G. (1891), “mund”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch der albanesischen Sprache [Etymological Dictionary of the Albanian Language] (in German), Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, →DOI, page 291
  5. ^ Jokl, Norbert (1911) Studien zur albanesischen Etymologie und Wortbildung (Sitzungsberichte der Philosophisch-Historischen Klasse der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften; 168) (in German), Vienna: A. Hölder, page 58
  6. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “3. men”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 2, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 727
  7. ^ Werner Winter (1965) Evidence for Laryngeals, The Hague, Mouton, page 138

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably from Proto-Indo-European *mn̥(s)-dʰh₁-. Compare Old Norse munda (aim, strive), Gothic 𐌼𐌿𐌽𐌳𐍉𐌽 (mundōn, look up), Old High German muntar (keen, eager), Ancient Greek μανθάνω (manthánō, learn), Lithuanian mañdras (alert, awake, smart, minxish).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

mund m (definite mundi)

  1. agony, toil, great effort
  2. arduous and hard work (that pays off)
  3. tribulation, cause of trouble or suffer
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • mund”, in FGJSH: Fjalor i gjuhës shqipe [Dictionary of the Albanian language] (in Albanian), 2006

Danish[edit]

mund

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse muðr, munnr, from Proto-Germanic *munþaz, cognate with English mouth, German Mund.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mund c (singular definite munden, plural indefinite munde)

  1. mouth (the opening of an animal through which food is ingested)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

mund

  1. imperative of munde

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse mund, from Proto-Germanic *mundō.

Noun[edit]

mund f (genitive singular mundar, nominative plural mundir)

  1. (poetic) hand
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Related to Old Norse munda (to aim, to strive), Old High German muntar (keen, eager), from Proto-Germanic *mundraz (alert).

Noun[edit]

mund f (genitive singular mundar, nominative plural mundir) or mund n (genitive singular munds, nominative plural mund)

  1. Used only in set phrases.
Declension[edit]

or

Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English mund, from Proto-Germanic *mundō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mund (plural moundes or munden)

  1. Might, ability, or skill.
  2. Magnitude, greatness, utility, or usefulness.
  3. (rare) Protection, guarding, defence
  4. (rare) A hand, especially as a measurement.
  5. (rare) A band of warriors or fighters.

Descendants[edit]

  • English: mound, mund
  • Scots: moond

References[edit]

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *mundō (hand, guard, security).

Cognate with Old Frisian mund m (guardian), Old Norse mund-r m (noun, literally sum paid by a bridegroom for his bride), Old Saxon mund (hand, noun), Old High German munt m (protector).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mund f (nominative plural munda or munde)

  1. (poetic) hand, palm as a measure of length. In this meaning is not used later than OE period [OED].
  2. trust, security, protection
  3. protector, guardian

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin mundus.

Noun[edit]

mund oblique singularm (oblique plural munz or muntz, nominative singular munz or muntz, nominative plural mund)

  1. the world

Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *munþ.

Noun[edit]

mund m

  1. (anatomy) mouth

Declension[edit]

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *mundō (hand). Further cognates see there.

Noun[edit]

mund f

  1. hand

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • mund”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin mundus.

Noun[edit]

mund m (plural munds)

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan) world

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

mund c

  1. (archaic) a mouth
    Synonym: mun

Declension[edit]

Declension of mund 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative mund munden mundar mundarna
Genitive munds mundens mundars mundarnas

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]