nain

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: näin, nai'n, and ŋăĭn

Atong (India)[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English nine.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

nain (Bengali script নায়্ন or নাইন)

  1. nine

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Verb[edit]

nain

  1. first-person singular present indicative of naida
  2. first-person singular past indicative of naida

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French nain, from Latin nānus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /nɛ̃/
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

nain (feminine naine, masculine plural nains, feminine plural naines)

  1. dwarf
    Hypernym: petit
    Antonym: géant

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

nain m (plural nains, feminine naine)

  1. dwarf
    Antonym: géant
  2. gnome (decorative, in a garden)

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Nain.

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *nainen, equivalent to naija (to marry) +‎ -in. Cognates include Finnish nainen and Estonian naine.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nain

  1. woman
  2. wife
Declension[edit]
Declension of nain (type 1/kärpäin, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative nain naiset
genitive naisen naisiin
partitive naista, naist naisia
illative naisee naisii
inessive naisees naisiis
elative naisest naisist
allative naiselle naisille
adessive naiseel naisiil
ablative naiselt naisilt
translative naiseks naisiks
essive naisenna, naiseen naisinna, naisiin
exessive1) naisent naisint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.
Synonyms[edit]
Coordinate terms[edit]
  • (woman): mees (man)
  • (wife): mees (husband)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

nain

  1. inflection of naija:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. first-person singular past indicative

References[edit]

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 51
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 334
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[2], →ISBN, page 73

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

nain

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ナイン

Middle French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French nain, from Latin nānus, borrowed from Ancient Greek νᾶνος (nânos), of onomatopoeic origins.

Noun[edit]

nain m (plural nains)

  1. dwarf

Descendants[edit]

  • French: nain

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • naim (Thomas d'Angleterre)

Etymology[edit]

From Latin nānus, borrowed from Ancient Greek νᾶνος (nânos), of onomatopoeic origin.

Noun[edit]

nain m (oblique plural nainz, nominative singular nainz, nominative plural nain)

  1. dwarf (mythical being)
    • circa 1170, Chrétien de Troyes, Érec et Énide:
      "Nains!", fet ele, "leisse m'aler!
      A cel chevalier vuel parler
      "Dwarf!" Said she "let me pass"
      It's to the knight that I wish to talk
  2. midget

Descendants[edit]


Scots[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the prothetic n- +‎ ain, from the wrong division of mine ain as my nain.[1]

Adjective[edit]

nain (comparative mair nain, superlative maist nain)

  1. (Shetland) own
    He was my nain bairn.He was my own child.
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

nain

  1. Alternative spelling of nane

References[edit]

  1. ^ nain” in the Dictionary of the Scots Language, Edinburgh: Scottish Language Dictionaries.

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English nine.

Numeral[edit]

nain

  1. nine

Usage notes[edit]

Used when counting; see also nainpela.


Votic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *nainen.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Luuditsa, Liivtšülä) IPA(key): /ˈnɑin/, [ˈnɑin]
  • Rhymes: -ɑin
  • Hyphenation: nain

Noun[edit]

nain

  1. woman
  2. wife

Inflection[edit]

Declension of nain (type XII/sinin, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative nain naizõd
genitive naizõ naizije, naizijõ, naizi
partitive naissõ naizitõ, naizi
illative naizõ, naizõsõ naizije, naizijõ, naizisõ
inessive naizõz naiziz
elative naizõssõ naizissõ
allative naizõlõ naizilõ
adessive naizõllõ naizillõ
ablative naizõltõ naiziltõ
translative naizõssi naizissi
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the terminative is formed by adding the suffix -ssaa to the short illative or the genitive.
***) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka to the genitive.

References[edit]

  • V. Hallap, E. Adler, S. Grünberg, M. Leppik (2012) Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language]‎[3], 2 edition, Tallinn

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *nanī, from Proto-Celtic *nana (grandmother), probably from a Proto-Indo-European root imitative of a child speaking, similar to Ancient Greek νάννα (nánna).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nain f (plural neiniau)

  1. (North Wales) grandmother
    Synonym: mam-gu

Usage notes[edit]

  • The usual word for "grandmother" in the Welsh of South Wales is mam-gu.

Usage notes[edit]

Some, especially northern, dialects employ a non-standard aspirate mutation of nain to nhain. In practice, this only occurs after the determiner ei (her). See also mam to mham for a similar example.

Coordinate terms[edit]

  • tad-cu (grandfather)
  • taid (grandfather)

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
nain unchanged unchanged nhain
Irregular.
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “nain”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies