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From Proto-Indo-European *h₂eh₂nóḱe (has reached, attained), perfective of *h₂neḱ- (to reach). Cognate with Old Irish (do·)ánaic (came, arrived), Albanian kënaq (to satisfy, be enough), Lithuanian nèšti (to carry), Ancient Greek ἤνεγκα (ḗnenka, I carried) (aorist of φέρω (phérō)), Old English ġenōg (enough), Old Church Slavonic нести (nesti, to carry), Sanskrit अश्नोति (aśnóti), नशति (náśati, attains).



nancīscor (present infinitive nancīscī, perfect active nactus sum or nānctus sum); third conjugation, deponent

  1. I meet with, stumble on, encounter, acquire, get, reach, find something.
    cum plus otii nactus erowhen I have more free time (literally, “when I will have met more leisure”)
  2. I contract, catch.
    morbum nanciscito fall ill
  3. (by extension) I possess by birth, have by nature.


  • The alternative supine nānctum is rare.
   Conjugation of nancīscor (third conjugation, deponent)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present nancīscor nancīsceris, nancīscere nancīscitur nancīscimur nancīsciminī nancīscuntur
imperfect nancīscēbar nancīscēbāris, nancīscēbāre nancīscēbātur nancīscēbāmur nancīscēbāminī nancīscēbantur
future nancīscar nancīscēris, nancīscēre nancīscētur nancīscēmur nancīscēminī nancīscentur
perfect nactus or nānctus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect nactus or nānctus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect nactus or nānctus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present nancīscar nancīscāris, nancīscāre nancīscātur nancīscāmur nancīscāminī nancīscantur
imperfect nancīscerer nancīscerēris, nancīscerēre nancīscerētur nancīscerēmur nancīscerēminī nancīscerentur
perfect nactus or nānctus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect nactus or nānctus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present nancīscere nancīsciminī
future nancīscitor nancīscitor nancīscuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives nancīscī nactum esse, nānctum esse nactūrum esse, nānctūrum esse
participles nancīscēns nactus, nānctus nactūrus, nānctūrus nancīscendus, nancīscundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
nancīscendī nancīscendō nancīscendum nancīscendō nactum, nānctum nactū, nānctū


Derived terms[edit]


  • nanciscor in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • nanciscor in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • nanciscor in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to meet with good weather: tempestatem idoneam, bonam nancisci
    • to meet, come across a person; to meet casually: offendere, nancisci aliquem
    • to find a suitable pretext: causam idoneam nancisci
    • to get, meet with, a favourable opportunity: occasionem nancisci
    • to be favoured by Fortune; to bask in Fortune's smiles: fortunam fautricem nancisci