necessary

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See also: Necessary

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English necessarye, from Old French necessaire, from Latin necessārius (unavoidable, inevitable, required), variant of necesse (unavoidable, inevitable), probably from ne or non cessum, from the perfect passive participle of cēdō (yield; avoid, withdraw); see cede.

Older use as a noun in reference to an outhouse or lavatory under the influence of English and Latin necessārium, a medieval term for the place for monks’ “unavoidable” business, usually located behind or attached to monastic dormitories.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

necessary (comparative necessarier or more necessary, superlative necessariest or most necessary)

  1. Required, essential, whether logically inescapable or needed in order to achieve a desired result or avoid some penalty.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:requisite
    Antonym: unnecessary
    Although I wished to think that all was false, it was yet necessary that I, who thus thought, must in some sense exist.
    It is absolutely necessary that you call and confirm your appointment.
  2. Unavoidable, inevitable.
    Synonyms: inevitable, natural
    Antonyms: evitable, incidental, impossible
    If it is absolutely necessary to use public computers, you should plan ahead and forward your e-mail to a temporary, disposable account.
  3. (obsolete) Determined, involuntary: acting from compulsion rather than free will.
    • 1871, Richard Holt Hutton, Essays, volume I, page 53:
      But that a necessary being should give birth to a being with any amount, however limited, of moral freedom, is infinitely less conceivable than that parents of the insect or fish type should give birth to a perfect mammal.

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Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

necessary (plural necessaries or necessarys)

  1. (chiefly UK, New England, archaic, euphemistic, usually with the definite article) A place to do the "necessary" business of urination and defecation: an outhouse or lavatory.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:bathroom
    • 2009, Don Corbly, The Last Colonials, Lulu.com, →ISBN, page 67:
      It soon became fashionable for even the poorest families to have a necessary not far from their cabin. [] The more affluent settlers painted their necessarys in bright colors and carved their names on the doors.
  2. (obsolete) Necessity.
    • 1858, Rhode Island, Records of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, in New England: 1678-1706, page 285:
      [] loss of that whole dominion of New England, and consequently of their Majesties' other American Plantations, endangered not only by the want of provisions, but by the many ships, vessels, seamen and other necessarys in New England, ...
    • 1922, Massachusetts Commission on the Necessaries of Life, Report of the Special Commission on the Necessaries of Life:

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