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See also: něco



From Proto-Indo-European *neḱ- (perish, disappear); see also noxius (harmful), noceō (I hurt, harm), nex (murder, violent death) (as opposed to mors), as well as Middle Welsh angheu (death), Breton ankou, Old Irish éc, Ancient Greek νέκυς (nékus, a dead body) and νεκρός (nekrós, dead), Old Persian 𐎻𐎴𐎰𐎹𐎫𐎹 (vi-n-θ-y-t-y /vi-nathayatiy/, he injures), Avestan 𐬥𐬀𐬯𐬌𐬌𐬈𐬌𐬙𐬌(nasiieiti, disappears), 𐬥𐬀𐬯𐬎(nasu-, corpse), Sanskrit नश्यति (naśyati, disappear, perish).



necō (present infinitive necāre, perfect active necāvī, supine necātum); first conjugation

  1. I kill, murder, especially without physical wounding such as by poison or hunger
  2. (figuratively) I thwart, check


   Conjugation of necō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present necō necās necat necāmus necātis necant
imperfect necābam necābās necābat necābāmus necābātis necābant
future necābō necābis necābit necābimus necābitis necābunt
perfect necāvī necāvistī, necāstī1 necāvit necāvimus necāvistis, necāstis1 necāvērunt, necāvēre
pluperfect necāveram necāverās necāverat necāverāmus necāverātis necāverant
future perfect necāverō necāveris necāverit necāverimus necāveritis necāverint
passive present necor necāris, necāre necātur necāmur necāminī necantur
imperfect necābar necābāris, necābāre necābātur necābāmur necābāminī necābantur
future necābor necāberis, necābere necābitur necābimur necābiminī necābuntur
perfect necātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect necātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect necātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present necem necēs necet necēmus necētis necent
imperfect necārem necārēs necāret necārēmus necārētis necārent
perfect necāverim necāverīs necāverit necāverīmus necāverītis necāverint
pluperfect necāvissem, necāssem1 necāvissēs, necāssēs1 necāvisset, necāsset1 necāvissēmus, necāssēmus1 necāvissētis, necāssētis1 necāvissent, necāssent1
passive present necer necēris, necēre necētur necēmur necēminī necentur
imperfect necārer necārēris, necārēre necārētur necārēmur necārēminī necārentur
perfect necātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect necātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present necā necāte
future necātō necātō necātōte necantō
passive present necāre necāminī
future necātor necātor necantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives necāre necāvisse, necāsse1 necātūrum esse necārī necātum esse necātum īrī
participles necāns necātūrus necātus necandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
necandī necandō necandum necandō necātum necātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.


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Derived terms[edit]




  • Aromanian: nec, nicari
  • Anglo-Norman: neier
  • Catalan: negar
  • French: noyer
  • Italian: annegare


  • neco in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • neco in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • neco in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to perish in the flames: igni cremari, necari
    • to be starved to death (as punishment): fame necari
  • neco in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • neco in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray