neco

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See also: něco

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *neḱ-(perish, disappear); see also Middle Welsh angheu(death), Breton ankou, Old Irish éc, Latin noxius(harmful), Latin noceō(I hurt, harm), Latin nex(murder, violent death) (as opposed to mors), Ancient Greek νέκυς(nékus, a dead body) and νεκρός(nekrós, dead), Old Persian 𐎻𐎴𐎰𐎹𐎫𐎹(vi-nathayatiy, he injures), Avestan 𐬥𐬀𐬯𐬌𐬌𐬈𐬌𐬙𐬌(nasiieiti, disappears), 𐬥𐬀𐬯𐬎(nasu-, corpse), Sanskrit नश्यति(naśyati, disappear, perish).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

necō ‎(present infinitive necāre, perfect active necāvī, supine necātum); first conjugation

  1. I kill, murder, especially without physical wounding such as by poison or hunger
  2. (figuratively) I thwart, check

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of neco (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present necō necās necat necāmus necātis necant
imperfect necābam necābās necābat necābāmus necābātis necābant
future necābō necābis necābit necābimus necābitis necābunt
perfect necāvī necāvistī, necāsti1 necāvit necāvimus necāvistis, necāstis1 necāvērunt, necāvēre
pluperfect necāveram necāverās necāverat necāverāmus necāverātis necāverant
future perfect necāverō necāveris necāverit necāverimus necāveritis necāverint
passive present necor necāris, necāre necātur necāmur necāminī necantur
imperfect necābar necābāris, necābāre necābātur necābāmur necābāminī necābantur
future necābor necāberis, necābere necābitur necābimur necābiminī necābuntur
perfect necātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect necātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect necātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present necem necēs necet necēmus necētis necent
imperfect necārem necārēs necāret necārēmus necārētis necārent
perfect necāverim necāverīs necāverit necāverīmus necāverītis necāverint
pluperfect necāvissem, necāssem1 necāvissēs, necāsses1 necāvisset, necāsset1 necāvissēmus, necāssemus1 necāvissētis, necāssetis1 necāvissent, necāssent1
passive present necer necēris, necēre necētur necēmur necēminī necentur
imperfect necārer necārēris, necārēre necārētur necārēmur necārēminī necārentur
perfect necātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect necātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present necā necāte
future necātō necātō necātōte necantō
passive present necāre necāminī
future necātor necātor necantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives necāre necāvisse, necāsse1 necātūrus esse necārī necātus esse necātum īrī
participles necāns necātūrus necātus necandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
necāre necandī necandō necandum necātum necātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Quotations[edit]

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Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • neco in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • neco in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.neco”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to perish in the flames: igni cremari, necari
    • to be starved to death (as punishment): fame necari
  • neco in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • neco in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray