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Alternative forms[edit]


From Burmese ငပိ ‎(nga.pi.) or ငါးပိ ‎(nga:pi., pressed fish), also transliterated ŋəpi.


ngapi ‎(uncountable)

  1. (cooking) A pungent Burmese condiment made from fermented and compressed fish or shrimp paste.
    • 1876, "Burmah" in the Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed., Vol. IV, p. 552:
      The rivers and lakes abound with fish, from which the inhabitants prepare their favourite condiment of ngapee.
    • 1880, J.H. Titcomb, Personal Recollections of British Burma and Its Church Mission Work in 1878–79, Ch. vii:
      Passing by Henzada, because intending to return thither, we went on to Yangdoon or Nyoungdoon, a large and thriving ports celebrated for its fishing trade. Of this fact we were soon abundantly convinced by the abominable smell of nga-pee, a kind of dried and putrid fish, of which the Burmese are particularly fond; nor by that circumstance alone, for we counted a hundred and twenty large trading vessels anchored along the bank.
    • 1882, James George Scott, The Burman: His Life and Notions, Ch. xxviii: "Nga-pee":
      Travellers on the steamers of the Irrawaddy Flotilla Company are wont to rail in no measured terms at the fish-paste which forms an invariable and obtrusively evident part of the cargo, yet no Burman would think a dinner complete without his modicum of nga-pee, and it is a noteworthy fact that one form of the condiment is of frequent appearance on English dinner-tables in the East, under the name of balachong, a term borrowed from the Straits Settlements, but which designates nothing more nor less than a specially prepared variety of nga-pee.



  • Oxford English Dictionary, 3rd ed. "ngapi, n." Oxford University Press (Oxford), 2003.


Alternative forms[edit]



  1. I; the first person singular emphatic personal pronoun.



-ngapi ‎(declinable)

  1. how many?

Usage notes[edit]

Follows the noun and behaves like a normal adjective; for example, nyumba ngapi? ("how many houses?").