niger

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See also: Niger, Níger, and nigger

English[edit]

niger, Guizotia abyssinica

Etymology[edit]

From the name of the Niger River, from Latin Nigris. See further etymology at Niger.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

niger (uncountable)

  1. An Ethiopian herb, Guizotia abyssinica, grown for its seed and edible oil.
    Synonyms: noog, noug, nug

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain origin,[1] but possibly from Proto-Indo-European *negʷ- (bare, naked) if this root is assumed also to be the source of *nókʷts (night) (Latin nox), thus “black” would attest the intermediate meaning between “bare” and “night”.[2] Cognate of Umbrian niru (accusative case) possibly "dark, black".[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

niger (feminine nigra, neuter nigrum, superlative nigerrimus); first/second-declension adjective (nominative masculine singular in -er)

  1. wan, shining black (as opposed to āter, dull black)
    Nigrum in candida vertere.
    To turn black into white.
  2. bad; evil; ill-omened

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective (nominative masculine singular in -er).

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative niger nigra nigrum nigrī nigrae nigra
Genitive nigrī nigrae nigrī nigrōrum nigrārum nigrōrum
Dative nigrō nigrō nigrīs
Accusative nigrum nigram nigrum nigrōs nigrās nigra
Ablative nigrō nigrā nigrō nigrīs
Vocative niger nigra nigrum nigrī nigrae nigra

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Gallo-Italic:

Gallo-Romance:

Ibero-Romance:

Italo-Dalmatian:

Occitano-Romance:

Rhaeto-Romance:

Sardinian:

Vlach:

Constructed languages:

See also[edit]

Colors in Latin · colōrēs (layout · text)
     candidus, albus, niveus, cēreus, marmoreus, eburneus, cānus      rāvus, pullus, cinereus, cineraceus, plumbeusgrīseus (ML. or NL.)      āter, niger, piceus
             pūniceusmurrinus, rūfus, ruber, russus, rubrīcus, mulleus; cocceus, coccīnus, badius              rutilus, armeniacus, auranteus, aurantiacus; fuscus, colōrius, cervīnus, spādīx              gilvus, helvus, fulvus, flāvus, croceus, pallidus, lūteus, blondinus (ML.)
             galbus, galbinus, lūridus              viridis              prasinus
             cyaneus              caeruleus, azurīnus (ML.), blavus (ML.)              glaucus; līvidus; venetus
             violāceus, ianthinus, balaustīnus (NL.)              ostrīnus, amethystīnus              purpureus, ātropurpūreus, roseus, rosāceus

References[edit]

  • niger”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) [] A New Latin Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • niger”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • niger in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • niger”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • niger”, in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Watkins, Calvert, ed., The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed., Houghton Mifflin Co., 2000.
  3. ^ Robert Planta 2011, Grammatik der Oskisch-Umbrischen Dialekts.

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English nigger.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /nîɡer/
  • Hyphenation: ni‧ger

Noun[edit]

nȉger m (Cyrillic spelling ни̏гер)

  1. (slang, derogatory) nigger

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • niger” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Swedish[edit]

Verb[edit]

niger

  1. present of niga

Anagrams[edit]