nyír

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Finno-Ugric *ńȣ̈rɜ (*ńȣrɜ, *ńȣrkɜ) ‎(twig, sprout, shoot).[1][2][3][4]

Noun[edit]

nyír ‎(plural nyírek)

  1. birch
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative nyír nyírek
accusative nyírt nyíreket
dative nyírnek nyíreknek
instrumental nyírrel nyírekkel
causal-final nyírért nyírekért
translative nyírré nyírekké
terminative nyírig nyírekig
essive-formal nyírként nyírekként
essive-modal
inessive nyírben nyírekben
superessive nyíren nyíreken
adessive nyírnél nyíreknél
illative nyírbe nyírekbe
sublative nyírre nyírekre
allative nyírhez nyírekhez
elative nyírből nyírekből
delative nyírről nyírekről
ablative nyírtől nyírektől
Possessive forms of nyír
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. nyírem nyíreim
2nd person sing. nyíred nyíreid
3rd person sing. nyíre nyírei
1st person plural nyírünk nyíreink
2nd person plural nyíretek nyíreitek
3rd person plural nyírük nyíreik
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Of uncertain origin. Perhaps from Proto-Finno-Ugric or Proto-Uralic *ńirɜ- ‎(to scratch, scrape)[5][2]

Verb[edit]

nyír

  1. (transitive) to cut (hair)
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

(With verbal prefixes):

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entry #655 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Gábor Zaicz, Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete, Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, ISBN 963 7094 01 6
  3. ^ Sammallahti, Pekka. 1988. "Historical phonology of the Uralic languages, with special reference to Samoyed, Ugric and Permic". In Sinor, Denis (ed.), The Uralic Languages: Description, History and Foreign Influences, pp. 478–554. Leiden: Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-07741-6.
  4. ^ Starostin's Uralic Database, Entry #663
  5. ^ Entry #631 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.