ob

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See also: Ob, OB, ob-, and ÖB

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin ob, abbreviation of obulus.

Noun[edit]

ob ‎(plural obs)

  1. (historical) A halfpenny.

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviations.

Noun[edit]

ob ‎(plural obs)

  1. (archaic) An objection.
  2. (genetics) The obese gene.

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German obe, ob

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ob

  1. (subordinating) if, whether
  2. ob ... oder — if ... or

Preposition[edit]

ob

  1. (+ dative) (dialectal) over, above, on
  2. (+ dative, genitive) (becoming dated) on account of

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

External links[edit]

  • ob in Duden online
  • ob in Duden online
  • ob” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • ob” in canoo.net

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁epi. Cognate with Ancient Greek ἐπί ‎(epí), Sanskrit अपि ‎(ápi), Avestan 𐬀𐬌𐬞𐬌 ‎(aipi), Old Persian [script needed] ‎(apiy), and Old Armenian եւ ‎(ew). Confer also Latin apud.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ob ‎(+ accusative)

  1. in the direction of, to, towards
  2. on account of, according to, because of, due to, for (the purpose of)
  3. against; facing

Usage notes[edit]

  • The preposition ob is used as a combining prefix with many other words, particularly verbs. In compounds, the b is often assimilated into the next consonant, as in oppose.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ob” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • ob” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • I blame this in you; I censure you for this: hoc in te reprehendo (not ob eam rem)

Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *jabai ‎(when, if), from Proto-Indo-European *e-, *ē- ‎(then, at that time). Cognate with English if, West Frisian oft ‎(whether), Dutch of ‎(or, whether, but), Middle Low German ef ‎(if, whether), German ob ‎(if, whether), Icelandic ef, if ‎(if).

Adverb[edit]

ob

  1. if, whether
    Weess du, ob d'Apdikt muer op ass?
    Do you know if the pharmacy is open tomorrow?

Novial[edit]

Particle[edit]

ob

  1. initial interrogative particle

Conjunction[edit]

ob

  1. (subordinating) whether or not, if

Old Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

ob f

  1. Alternative form of aub

Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ob

  1. I (first-person singular, nominative)

Declension[edit]


White Hmong[edit]

Numeral[edit]

ob

  1. two

References[edit]

  • Ernest E. Heimbach, White Hmong - English Dictionary (1979, SEAP Publications)