ob

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Ob, OB, ÖB, ob-, Ob., ob., and об

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɒb/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɒb

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin ob, abbreviation of obolus.

Noun[edit]

ob (plural obs)

  1. (historical) a halfpenny

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviations.

Noun[edit]

ob (plural obs)

  1. (archaic) an objection
  2. (genetics) the obese gene
Coordinate terms[edit]
  • (objection): sol

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Czech ob, from Proto-Slavic *obь.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ob + accusative

  1. every other/second
    Nakupovat jezdíme ob týden.We go shopping every other week.

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ob in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • ob in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

German[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle High German obe, ob, from Proto-Germanic *jabai (when, if). Compare English if.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ob

  1. (subordinating) if, whether
    ob ... oderif ... or
  2. (conditional, obsolete, except in als ob) if, in case

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle High German obe, from Old High German oba, from Proto-Germanic *ub (under), from Proto-Indo-European *upó (under, below). Related with über, oben.

A chiefly Upper German word, pronounced with a short vowel in Alemannic areas and with a long vowel in Austro-Bavarian areas. In the north, the short vowel is from etymology 1, perhaps also reinforced by association with regional forms of auf (Central Franconian op, Low German up, op). The long vowel is standard in Obacht, beobachten.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɔp/ (German standard; Switzerland)
  • IPA(key): /oːp/ (Austria; Bavaria)

Preposition[edit]

ob

  1. (formal, literary, + dative or genitive) on account of
    Synonym: angesichts
  2. (archaic or dialectal, + dative) over, above, on
    Synonym: über
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ob” in Duden online
  • ob” in Duden online
  • ob” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *op, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁epi. Cognate with Ancient Greek ἐπί (epí), Sanskrit अपि (ápi), Avestan 𐬀𐬌𐬞𐬌(aipi), Old Persian [script needed] (apiy), and Old Armenian եւ (ew). Also related to English by.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ob (+ accusative)

  1. in the direction of, to, towards
  2. on account of, according to, because of, due to, for (the purpose of)
    ob haec, ob hoc, ob ea, ob eam remfor this/that reason, because of this/that reason
    ob aliquam rem gratiagive thanks for something
  3. against; facing

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *jabai (when, if), from Proto-Indo-European *e-, *ē- (then, at that time). Cognate with English if, West Frisian oft (whether), Dutch of (or, whether, but), Middle Low German ef (if, whether), German ob (if, whether), Icelandic ef, if (if).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ob

  1. if, whether
    Weess du, ob d'Apdikt muer op ass?
    Do you know if the pharmacy is open tomorrow?

Old Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

ob f

  1. Alternative form of aub

Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ob

  1. I (first-person singular, nominative)

Declension[edit]


White Hmong[edit]

White Hmong cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : ob

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hmong-Mien *ʔu̯i (two). Cognate with Iu Mien i.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

ob

  1. two

References[edit]

  • Ernest E. Heimbach, White Hmong - English Dictionary (1979, SEAP Publications)