ob

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See also: Ob, OB, ÖB, ob-, Ob., and ob.

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin ob, abbreviation of obulus.

Noun[edit]

ob (plural obs)

  1. (historical) a halfpenny

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviations.

Noun[edit]

ob (plural obs)

  1. (archaic) an objection
  2. (genetics) the obese gene

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German obe, ob.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ob

  1. (subordinating) if, whether
    ob ... oderif ... or

Preposition[edit]

ob

  1. (+ dative) (dialectal) over, above, on
  2. (+ dative, genitive) (becoming dated) on account of

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ob in Duden online
  • ob in Duden online
  • ob” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • ob” in canoo.net

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁epi. Cognate with Ancient Greek ἐπί (epí), Sanskrit अपि (ápi), Avestan 𐬀𐬌𐬞𐬌 (aipi), Old Persian [script needed] (apiy), and Old Armenian եւ (ew). Confer also English by.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ob (+ accusative)

  1. in the direction of, to, towards
  2. on account of, according to, because of, due to, for (the purpose of)
  3. against; facing

Usage notes[edit]

  • The preposition ob is used as a combining prefix with many other words, particularly verbs. In compounds, the b is often assimilated into the next consonant, as in oppose.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ob in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ob in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ob” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • I blame this in you; I censure you for this: hoc in te reprehendo (not ob eam rem)

Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *jabai (when, if), from Proto-Indo-European *e-, *ē- (then, at that time). Cognate with English if, West Frisian oft (whether), Dutch of (or, whether, but), Middle Low German ef (if, whether), German ob (if, whether), Icelandic ef, if (if).

Adverb[edit]

ob

  1. if, whether
    Weess du, ob d'Apdikt muer op ass?
    Do you know if the pharmacy is open tomorrow?

Novial[edit]

Particle[edit]

ob

  1. initial interrogative particle

Conjunction[edit]

ob

  1. (subordinating) whether or not, if

Old Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

ob f

  1. Alternative form of aub

Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ob

  1. I (first-person singular, nominative)

Declension[edit]


White Hmong[edit]

White Hmong cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : ob

Numeral[edit]

ob

  1. two

References[edit]

  • Ernest E. Heimbach, White Hmong - English Dictionary (1979, SEAP Publications)