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- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɒnˌsɛt/
- (General American, Midland US, Southern American English) IPA(key): /ˈɔnˌsɛt/
- (General American, Inland Northern American, NYC, cot–caught merger) IPA(key): /ˈɑnˌsɛt/
Audio (UK) (file)
- Hyphenation: on‧set
onset (plural onsets)
- (archaic) An attack; an assault especially of an army.
- Synonym: storming
- c. 1596, William Shakespeare, “The Life and Death of King Iohn”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene i]:
- Heralds, from off our towers, we might behold
From first to last, the onset and retire
Of both your armies
- 1800, William Wordsworth, Six thousand Veterans
- Who on that day the word of onset gave.
- 1950, C. S. Lewis, The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe
- And Peter's tired army cheered, and the newcomers roared, and the enemy squealed and gibbered till the wood re-echoed with the din of that onset.
- (medicine) The initial phase of a disease or condition, in which symptoms first become apparent.
- the onset of schizophrenia
- (phonology) The initial portion of a syllable, preceding the syllable nucleus.
- (acoustics) The beginning of a musical note or other sound, in which the amplitude rises from zero to an initial peak.
- A setting about; a beginning.
- 2013 June 29, “High and wet”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 28:
- Floods in northern India, mostly in the small state of Uttarakhand, have wrought disaster on an enormous scale. The early, intense onset of the monsoon on June 14th swelled rivers, washing away roads, bridges, hotels and even whole villages. Rock-filled torrents smashed vehicles and homes, burying victims under rubble and sludge.
- (obsolete) Anything added, such as an ornament or as a useful appendage.
- c. 1588–1593, William Shakespeare, “The Lamentable Tragedy of Titus Andronicus”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene i]:
- And will with deeds requite thy gentleness:
And, for an onset, Titus, to advance
Thy name and honourable family,
Lavinia will I make my empress.
rushing or setting upon
medicine: initial phase of a disease or condition
phonology: initial portion of a syllable
acoustics: beginning of a musical note