otium

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Latin[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of uncertain origin;[1] perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewtyom (forlorn, deserted), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ew (away from).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈoː.ti.um/, [ˈoːt̪iʊ̃ˑ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈo.t͡si.um/, [ˈɔːt̪͡s̪ium]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ōtium n (genitive ōtiī or ōtī); second declension

  1. time free from activity: leisure
  2. time avoiding activity: idleness, inactivity
  3. peace, quiet, quietness
  4. ease

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ōtium ōtia
Genitive ōtiī
ōtī1
ōtiōrum
Dative ōtiō ōtiīs
Accusative ōtium ōtia
Ablative ōtiō ōtiīs
Vocative ōtium ōtia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: oci
  • Italian: ozio
  • Portuguese: ócio
  • Sicilian: uzziu (obsolete), ozziu
  • Spanish: ocio

References[edit]

  • otium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • otium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • otium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be at leisure: otium habere
    • to be a lover of ease, leisure: otium sequi, amplexari
    • (ambiguous) to use up, make full use of one's spare time: otio abūti or otium ad suum usum transferre
    • to retire into private life: in otium se referre (Fam. 99)
    • (ambiguous) to be at leisure: in otio esse or vivere
    • (ambiguous) to be at leisure: otio frui
    • (ambiguous) to have abundance of leisure: otio abundare
    • (ambiguous) to use up, make full use of one's spare time: otio abūti or otium ad suum usum transferre
    • (ambiguous) to grow slack with inactivity, stagnate: (in) otio languere et hebescere
    • (ambiguous) to grow slack with inactivity, stagnate: otio diffluere
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin otium.

Noun[edit]

otium n (definite singular otiet or otiumet, indefinite plural otier, definite plural otia or otiene)

  1. rest, leisure

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin otium.

Noun[edit]

otium n (definite singular otiet or otiumet, indefinite plural otium, definite plural otia or otiuma)

  1. rest, leisure

References[edit]