outrage

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See also: outragé

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English outrage, from Old French outrage, oultrage (excess), from Late Latin *ultrāgium, *ultrāticum ("a going beyond"), derived from Latin ultrā (beyond). Latter reanalysed as out- + rage, whence the contemporary pronunciation, though neither of these is etymologically related.

The verb is from Middle English outragen, from Old French oultragier.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

outrage (countable and uncountable, plural outrages)

  1. An excessively violent or vicious attack; an atrocity.
    • 1905, Baroness Emmuska Orczy, chapter 1, in The Tremarn Case[1]:
      There the cause of death was soon ascertained ; the victim of this daring outrage had been stabbed to death from ear to ear with a long, sharp instrument, in shape like an antique stiletto, which […] was subsequently found under the cushions of the hansom. […]
  2. An offensive, immoral or indecent act.
  3. The resentful, indignant, or shocked anger aroused by such acts.
  4. (obsolete) A destructive rampage. (Can we add an example for this sense?)

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

outrage (third-person singular simple present outrages, present participle outraging, simple past and past participle outraged)

  1. (transitive) To cause or commit an outrage upon; to treat with violence or abuse.
    • August 30, 1706, Francis Atterbury, a sermon preach'd in the Cathedral Church of St. Paul, at the funeral of Mr. Tho. Bennet
      Base and insolent minds [] outrage men when they have Hopes of doing it without a Return.
    • 1725-1726, William Broome, Odyssey
      The interview [] outrages all the rules of decency.
  2. (archaic, transitive) To violate; to rape (a female).
  3. (obsolete, transitive) To rage in excess of.

Translations[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ outrage, n.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2004.

Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French oltrage

Noun[edit]

outrage m (plural outrages)

  1. offence, insult, contempt
  2. (literary) onslaught

Verb[edit]

outrage

  1. first-person singular present indicative of outrager
  2. third-person singular present indicative of outrager
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of outrager
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of outrager
  5. second-person singular imperative of outrager

Further reading[edit]