pale

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See also: Pale, palé, pâle, palë, påle, palę, pale-, and pâlé

English[edit]

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 Pale on Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English pale, from Old French pale, from Latin pallidus (pale, pallid).

Adjective[edit]

pale (comparative paler, superlative palest)

  1. Light in color.
    I have pale yellow wallpaper.
    She had pale skin because she didn't get much sunlight.
    • 1907, Robert William Chambers, chapter IX, in The Younger Set (Project Gutenberg; EBook #14852), New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, published 1 February 2005 (Project Gutenberg version), OCLC 24962326:
      “Heavens!” exclaimed Nina, “the blue-stocking and the fogy!—and yours are pale blue, Eileen!—you’re about as self-conscious as Drina—slumping there with your hair tumbling à la Mérode! Oh, it's very picturesque, of course, but a straight spine and good grooming is better. []
  2. (of human skin) Having a pallor (a light color, especially due to sickness, shock, fright etc.).
    His face turned pale after hearing about his mother's death.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 5, in The China Governess[2]:
      Mr. Campion appeared suitably impressed and she warmed to him. He was very easy to talk to with those long clown lines in his pale face, a natural goon, born rather too early she suspected.
  3. Feeble, faint.
    He is but a pale shadow of his former self.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

pale (third-person singular simple present pales, present participle paling, simple past and past participle paled)

  1. (intransitive) To turn pale; to lose colour.
    • 1856, Elizabeth Browning, Aurora Leigh, New York: C. S. Francis & Co., published 1857, page 282:
      But a man— / Note men !—they are but women after all, / As women are but Auroras !—there are men / Born tender, apt to pale at a trodden worm, / Who paint for pastime, in their favourite dream, / Spruce auto-vestments flowered with crocus-flames / There are, too, who believe in hell and lie :  []
  2. (intransitive) To become insignificant.
    • 2006 September 14, Katie Hafner, “Philanthropy Google’s Way: Not the Usual”, in The New York Times[3]:
      Its financing pales next to the tens of billions that the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation will have at its disposal, especially with the coming infusion of some $3 billion a year from Warren E. Buffett, the founder of Berkshire Hathaway.
    • 12 July 2012, Sam Adams, AV Club Ice Age: Continental Drift
      The matter of whether the world needs a fourth Ice Age movie pales beside the question of why there were three before it, but Continental Drift feels less like an extension of a theatrical franchise than an episode of a middling TV cartoon, lolling around on territory that’s already been settled.
  3. (transitive) To make pale; to diminish the brightness of.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

pale

  1. (obsolete) Paleness; pallor.
    • 1593, William Shakespeare, Venus and Adonis, lines 589–592:
      The boare (quoth ſhe) whereat a ſuddain pale, / Like lawne being ſpred vpon the bluſhing roſe, / Vſurpes her cheeke, ſhe trembles at his tale, / And on his neck her yoaking armes ſhe throwes.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English [Term?], borrowed from Old French pal, from Latin pālus (stake, prop). Doublet of peel.

Noun[edit]

pale (plural pales)

  1. A wooden stake; a picket.
    • 1707, John Mortimer, The Whole Art of Husbandry, London: H. Mortlock & J. Robinson, 2nd edition, 1708, Chapter 1, pp. 11-12,[4]
      [] if you deſign it a Fence to keep in Deer, at every eight or ten Foot diſtance, ſet a Poſt with a Mortice in it to ſtand a little ſloping over the ſide of the Bank about two Foot high; and into the Mortices put a Rail [] and no Deer will go over it, nor can they creep through it, as they do often, when a Pale tumbles down.
  2. (archaic) Fence made from wooden stake; palisade.
    • c. 1591, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part 1, Act IV, Scene 2,[5]
      How are we park’d and bounded in a pale,
      A little herd of England’s timorous deer,
      Mazed with a yelping kennel of French curs!
    • 1615, Ralph Hamor, A True Discourse of the Present Estate of Virginia, London: William Welby, p. 13,[6]
      Fourthly, they ſhall not vpon any occaſion whatſoeuer breake downe any of our pales, or come into any of our Townes or forts by any other waies, iſſues or ports then ordinary [...].
  3. (by extension) Limits, bounds (especially before of).
    • 1645, John Milton, Il Penseroso, in The Poetical Works of Milton, volume II, Edinburgh: Sands, Murray, and Cochran, published 1755, p. 151, lines 155–160:[7]
      But let my due feet never fail, / To walk the ſtudious cloyſters pale, / And love the high embowed roof, / With antic pillars maſſy proof, / And ſtoried windows richly dight, / Caſting a dim religious light.
    • 1900, Jack London, Son of the Wolf:The Wisdom of the Trail:
      Men so situated, beyond the pale of the honor and the law, are not to be trusted.
    • 1919, B. G. Jefferis and J. L. Nichols, Searchlights on Health:When and Whom to Marry:
      All things considered, we advise the male reader to keep his desires in check till he is at least twenty-five, and the female not to enter the pale of wedlock until she has attained the age of twenty.
  4. The bounds of morality, good behaviour or judgment in civilized company, in the phrase beyond the pale.
  5. (heraldry) A vertical band down the middle of a shield.
  6. (archaic) A territory or defensive area within a specific boundary or under a given jurisdiction.
    1. (historical) The parts of Ireland under English jurisdiction.
    2. (historical) The territory around Calais under English control (from the 14th to 16th centuries).
      • 2009, Hilary Mantel, Wolf Hall, Fourth Estate 2010, p. 402:
        He knows the fortifications – crumbling – and beyond the city walls the lands of the Pale, its woods, villages and marshes, its sluices, dykes and canals.
      • 2011, Thomas Penn, Winter King, Penguin 2012, p. 73:
        A low-lying, marshy enclave stretching eighteen miles along the coast and pushing some eight to ten miles inland, the Pale of Calais nestled between French Picardy to the west and, to the east, the imperial-dominated territories of Flanders.
    3. (historical) A portion of Russia in which Jews were permitted to live.
  7. (archaic) The jurisdiction (territorial or otherwise) of an authority.
  8. A cheese scoop.[1]
  9. A shore for bracing a timber before it is fastened.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Spencer to this entry?)
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb[edit]

pale (third-person singular simple present pales, present participle paling, simple past and past participle paled)

  1. To enclose with pales, or as if with pales; to encircle or encompass; to fence off.
    • c. 1609, William Shakespeare, Cymbeline, Act III, Scene 1,[8]
      [] your iſle, which ſtands / As Neptunes Parke, ribb’d, and pal’d in / With Oakes vnſkaleable, and roaring Waters, / With Sands that will not bear your Enemies Boates, / But ſuck them vp to th’ Top-maſt.

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ P. L. Simmonds, A Dictionary of Trade Products, Commercial, Manufacturing, and Technical Terms, London: Routledge, 1858, p. 272,[1]

Anagrams[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

pale (genitive [please provide], partitive [please provide])

  1. cheek

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pāla (shovel, spade).

Noun[edit]

pale f (plural pales)

  1. blade (of a propeller etc)
  2. vane (of a windmill etc)

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French parler (talk, speak)

Verb[edit]

pale

  1. to talk, to speak

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

pale f

  1. plural of pala

Anagrams[edit]


Kurdish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pale ?

  1. worker

Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

pāle

  1. vocative singular of pālus

References[edit]

  • pale in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pale in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • pale in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pale in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpalɛ/, [ˈpalə]

Participle[edit]

pale

  1. third-person plural present of paliś

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French pale, from Latin pallidus (pale, pallid).

Adjective[edit]

pale m, f

  1. (Jersey) pale

Synonyms[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pallidus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

pale m (oblique and nominative feminine singular pale)

  1. pale, whitish or having little color

Descendants[edit]


Polish[edit]

Noun[edit]

pale

  1. nominative plural of pal
  2. accusative plural of pal
  3. vocative plural of pal

Swahili[edit]

Adjective[edit]

pale

  1. Pa class inflected form of -le.