panga

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English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Swahili panga (machete).

Noun[edit]

panga (plural pangas)

  1. (East Africa, South Africa) A large broad-bladed knife.
    • 1967, Ngugi wa Thiong'o, A Grain of Wheat, EAEP 2008, p. 77:
      She turned to the small basket she was carrying and took out a panga.
    • 1978, André Brink, Rumours of Rain, Vintage 2000, p. 73:
      Charlie had told me what it had looked like immediately after the riots. Bodies hacked to pieces with pangas.
    • 1994, Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom, Abacus 2010, p. 690:
      I pleaded with them to lay down their arms, to take each other's hands in peace: ‘Take your guns, your knives and your pangas, and throw them into the sea!’
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Back-formation from the plural, from the stem of New Latin Pangasius (genus name), from Bengali [script needed] (pāNāś, mud-coloured fish), ultimately from Sanskrit पङ्क (paṅka, mud).

Noun[edit]

panga (plural pangas)

  1. Any of various edible freshwater fish of the genus Pangasius, native to southeast Asia, especially the iridescent shark, Pangasius hypophthalmus, now reclassified as Pangasianodon hypophthalmus.
  2. A type of modest-sized, open, outboard-powered, fishing boat common throughout much of the developing world, including Central America, the Caribbean, parts of Africa, the Middle East, and much of Asia.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Spanish panga (motorboat).

Noun[edit]

panga (plural pangas)

  1. A small inflatable motorboat used in Latin America.

Anagrams[edit]


Bikol Central[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

panga

  1. (anatomy) jaw; jawbone
  2. framework built on a boat over which the large, thick mat is placed so that it may serve as an awning

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

panga

  1. mark that one places on a tree that one has sown with a root crop, so that one one else will cut the tree or work the field

Cuyunon[edit]

Noun[edit]

panga

  1. (anatomy) jaw

Estonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

panga

  1. Genitive singular form of pank.

Lubuagan Kalinga[edit]

Noun[edit]

panga

  1. branch (of a tree)

Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

panga f (plural pangas)

  1. (Latin America) panga (small inflatable motorboat used in Latin America)
  2. (Spain) swai, iridescent shark (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus)

Swahili[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

panga (n class, plural panga)

  1. machete, panga (broad knife)

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

-panga (infinitive kupanga)

  1. to arrange, classify, plan, organise, set up

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -panga
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kupanga kutopanga
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative panga pangeni
Habitual hupanga
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive nilipanga
nalipanga
tulipanga
twalipanga
ulipanga
walipanga
mlipanga
mwalipanga
alipanga walipanga ulipanga ilipanga lilipanga yalipanga kilipanga vilipanga ilipanga zilipanga ulipanga kulipanga palipanga mulipanga
Relative niliopanga
naliopanga
tuliopanga
twaliopanga
uliopanga
waliopanga
mliopanga
mwaliopanga
aliopanga waliopanga uliopanga iliopanga liliopanga yaliopanga kiliopanga viliopanga iliopanga ziliopanga uliopanga kuliopanga paliopanga muliopanga
Negative sikupanga hatukupanga hukupanga hamkupanga hakupanga hawakupanga haukupanga haikupanga halikupanga hayakupanga hakikupanga havikupanga haikupanga hazikupanga haukupanga hakukupanga hapakupanga hamukupanga
Present
Positive ninapanga
napanga
tunapanga unapanga mnapanga anapanga wanapanga unapanga inapanga linapanga yanapanga kinapanga vinapanga inapanga zinapanga unapanga kunapanga panapanga munapanga
Relative ninaopanga
naopanga
tunaopanga unaopanga mnaopanga anaopanga wanaopanga unaopanga inaopanga linaopanga yanaopanga kinaopanga vinaopanga inaopanga zinaopanga unaopanga kunaopanga panaopanga munaopanga
Negative sipangi hatupangi hupangi hampangi hapangi hawapangi haupangi haipangi halipangi hayapangi hakipangi havipangi haipangi hazipangi haupangi hakupangi hapapangi hamupangi
Future
Positive nitapanga tutapanga utapanga mtapanga atapanga watapanga utapanga itapanga litapanga yatapanga kitapanga vitapanga itapanga zitapanga utapanga kutapanga patapanga mutapanga
Relative nitakaopanga tutakaopanga utakaopanga mtakaopanga atakaopanga watakaopanga utakaopanga itakaopanga litakaopanga yatakaopanga kitakaopanga vitakaopanga itakaopanga zitakaopanga utakaopanga kutakaopanga patakaopanga mutakaopanga
Negative sitapanga hatutapanga hutapanga hamtapanga hatapanga hawatapanga hautapanga haitapanga halitapanga hayatapanga hakitapanga havitapanga haitapanga hazitapanga hautapanga hakutapanga hapatapanga hamutapanga
Subjunctive
Positive nipange tupange upange mpange apange wapange upange ipange lipange yapange kipange vipange ipange zipange upange kupange papange mupange
Negative nisipange tusipange usipange msipange asipange wasipange usipange isipange lisipange yasipange kisipange visipange isipange zisipange usipange kusipange pasipange musipange
Present Conditional
Positive ningepanga tungepanga ungepanga mngepanga angepanga wangepanga ungepanga ingepanga lingepanga yangepanga kingepanga vingepanga ingepanga zingepanga ungepanga kungepanga pangepanga mungepanga
Negative nisingepanga
singepanga
tusingepanga
hatungepanga
usingepanga
hungepanga
msingepanga
hamngepanga
asingepanga
hangepanga
wasingepanga
hawangepanga
usingepanga
haungepanga
isingepanga
haingepanga
lisingepanga
halingepanga
yasingepanga
hayangepanga
kisingepanga
hakingepanga
visingepanga
havingepanga
isingepanga
haingepanga
zisingepanga
hazingepanga
usingepanga
haungepanga
kusingepanga
hakungepanga
pasingepanga
hapangepanga
musingepanga
hamungepanga
Past Conditional
Positive ningalipanga tungalipanga ungalipanga mngalipanga angalipanga wangalipanga ungalipanga ingalipanga lingalipanga yangalipanga kingalipanga vingalipanga ingalipanga zingalipanga ungalipanga kungalipanga pangalipanga mungalipanga
Negative nisingalipanga
singalipanga
tusingalipanga
hatungalipanga
usingalipanga
hungalipanga
msingalipanga
hamngalipanga
asingalipanga
hangalipanga
wasingalipanga
hawangalipanga
usingalipanga
haungalipanga
isingalipanga
haingalipanga
lisingalipanga
halingalipanga
yasingalipanga
hayangalipanga
kisingalipanga
hakingalipanga
visingalipanga
havingalipanga
isingalipanga
haingalipanga
zisingalipanga
hazingalipanga
usingalipanga
haungalipanga
kusingalipanga
hakungalipanga
pasingalipanga
hapangalipanga
musingalipanga
hamungalipanga
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningelipanga tungelipanga ungelipanga mngelipanga angelipanga wangelipanga ungelipanga ingelipanga lingelipanga yangelipanga kingelipanga vingelipanga ingelipanga zingelipanga ungelipanga kungelipanga pangelipanga mungelipanga
General Relative
Positive nipangao tupangao upangao mpangao apangao wapangao upangao ipangao lipangao yapangao kipangao vipangao ipangao zipangao upangao kupangao papangao mupangao
Negative nisiopanga tusiopanga usiopanga msiopanga asiopanga wasiopanga usiopanga isiopanga lisiopanga yasiopanga kisiopanga visiopanga isiopanga zisiopanga usiopanga kusiopanga pasiopanga musiopanga
Gnomic
Positive napanga twapanga wapanga mwapanga apanga wapanga wapanga yapanga lapanga yapanga chapanga vyapanga yapanga zapanga wapanga kwapanga papanga mwapanga
Perfect
Positive nimepanga tumepanga umepanga mmepanga amepanga wamepanga umepanga imepanga limepanga yamepanga kimepanga vimepanga imepanga zimepanga umepanga kumepanga pamepanga mumepanga
"Already"
Positive nimeshapanga tumeshapanga umeshapanga mmeshapanga ameshapanga wameshapanga umeshapanga imeshapanga limeshapanga yameshapanga kimeshapanga vimeshapanga imeshapanga zimeshapanga umeshapanga kumeshapanga pameshapanga mumeshapanga
"Not yet"
Negative sijapanga hatujapanga hujapanga hamjapanga hajapanga hawajapanga haujapanga haijapanga halijapanga hayajapanga hakijapanga havijapanga haijapanga hazijapanga haujapanga hakujapanga hapajapanga hamujapanga
"If/When"
Positive nikipanga tukipanga ukipanga mkipanga akipanga wakipanga ukipanga ikipanga likipanga yakipanga kikipanga vikipanga ikipanga zikipanga ukipanga kukipanga pakipanga mukipanga
"If not"
Negative nisipopanga tusipopanga usipopanga msipopanga asipopanga wasipopanga usipopanga isipopanga lisipopanga yasipopanga kisipopanga visipopanga isipopanga zisipopanga usipopanga kusipopanga pasipopanga musipopanga
Consecutive
Positive nikapanga tukapanga ukapanga mkapanga akapanga wakapanga ukapanga ikapanga likapanga yakapanga kikapanga vikapanga ikapanga zikapanga ukapanga kukapanga pakapanga mukapanga
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Derived terms[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Noun[edit]

pangá

  1. (anatomy) jaw; jawbone