patro

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See also: patró

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *pętro.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈpatro]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

patro n

  1. floor, storey
  2. (anatomy) palate (roof of the mouth)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • patro in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • patro in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pater (father), from Proto-Indo-European *ph₂tḗr.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpatro/
  • Hyphenation: pa‧tro
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

patro (accusative singular patron, plural patroj, accusative plural patrojn)

  1. father
    Mia patro amas min.
    My father loves me.
    La patro de mia patro estas mia avo.
    My father's father is my grandfather.
    La amiko kiun vidis mia patro.
    The friend whom my father saw.
    La amiko kiu vidis mian patron.
    The friend who saw my father

Synonyms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • patr' in Fundamento de Esperanto by L. L. Zamenhof, 1905

Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Esperanto patro, from German Pater, Italian padre, Spanish padre, all ultimately from Latin pater, from Proto-Indo-European *ph₂tḗr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

patro (plural patri)

  1. father
  2. (figuratively) title showing respect
  3. (Christianity) Father
  4. (archaic) parent

Usage notes[edit]

Originally patro meant "parent", while the derivatives patrulo meant "father" and patrino meant "mother", but in later times this was changed so patro meant father, while adding genitoro and matro to mean "parent" and "mother".

Synonyms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • patr-o in Ido-English Dictionary by L. H. Dyer, 1924

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From pater.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

patrō (present infinitive patrāre, perfect active patrāvī, supine patrātum); first conjugation

  1. I execute, conclude, finish, accomplish
    Synonyms: perficiō, dēfungor, cōnficiō, agō, cumulō, absolvō, nāvō, inclūdō, conclūdō, condō, claudō, expleō, fungor, efficiō, exsequor, perpetrō, trānsigō, exhauriō
  2. I ejaculate

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of patrō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present patrō patrās patrat patrāmus patrātis patrant
imperfect patrābam patrābās patrābat patrābāmus patrābātis patrābant
future patrābō patrābis patrābit patrābimus patrābitis patrābunt
perfect patrāvī patrāvistī,
patrāstī1
patrāvit,
patrāt1
patrāvimus,
patrāmus1
patrāvistis,
patrāstis1
patrāvērunt,
patrāvēre,
patrārunt1
pluperfect patrāveram,
patrāram1
patrāverās,
patrārās1
patrāverat,
patrārat1
patrāverāmus,
patrārāmus1
patrāverātis,
patrārātis1
patrāverant,
patrārant1
future perfect patrāverō,
patrārō1
patrāveris,
patrāris1
patrāverit,
patrārit1
patrāverimus,
patrārimus1
patrāveritis,
patrāritis1
patrāverint,
patrārint1
passive present patror patrāris,
patrāre
patrātur patrāmur patrāminī patrantur
imperfect patrābar patrābāris,
patrābāre
patrābātur patrābāmur patrābāminī patrābantur
future patrābor patrāberis,
patrābere
patrābitur patrābimur patrābiminī patrābuntur
perfect patrātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect patrātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect patrātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present patrem patrēs patret patrēmus patrētis patrent
imperfect patrārem patrārēs patrāret patrārēmus patrārētis patrārent
perfect patrāverim,
patrārim1
patrāverīs,
patrārīs1
patrāverit,
patrārit1
patrāverīmus,
patrārīmus1
patrāverītis,
patrārītis1
patrāverint,
patrārint1
pluperfect patrāvissem,
patrāssem1
patrāvissēs,
patrāssēs1
patrāvisset,
patrāsset1
patrāvissēmus,
patrāssēmus1
patrāvissētis,
patrāssētis1
patrāvissent,
patrāssent1
passive present patrer patrēris,
patrēre
patrētur patrēmur patrēminī patrentur
imperfect patrārer patrārēris,
patrārēre
patrārētur patrārēmur patrārēminī patrārentur
perfect patrātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect patrātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present patrā patrāte
future patrātō patrātō patrātōte patrantō
passive present patrāre patrāminī
future patrātor patrātor patrantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives patrāre patrāvisse,
patrāsse1
patrātūrum esse patrārī patrātum esse patrātum īrī
participles patrāns patrātūrus patrātus patrandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
patrandī patrandō patrandum patrandō patrātum patrātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • patro”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • patro in Enrico Olivetti, editor (2003-2022) Dizionario Latino, Olivetti Media Communication
  • patro”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • patro in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • patro”, in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[1]
  • 1826, Pierre Pierrugues, Glossarium Eroticum Linguae Latinae, pages 381-382.