patro

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See also: patró

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

patro n

  1. floor, storey
  2. (anatomy) palate (roof of the mouth)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • patro in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • patro in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pater (father), from Proto-Indo-European *ph₂tḗr.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpatro/
  • Hyphenation: pa‧tro
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

patro (accusative singular patron, plural patroj, accusative plural patrojn)

  1. father
    Mia patro amas min.
    My father loves me.
    La patro de mia patro estas mia avo.
    My father's father is my grandfather.
  2. (nonstandard) parent

Synonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • patr' in Fundamento de Esperanto by L. L. Zamenhof, 1905

Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Esperanto patro, from German Pater, Italian padre, Spanish padre, all ultimately from Latin pater, from Proto-Indo-European *ph₂tḗr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

patro (plural patri)

  1. father
  2. (figuratively) title showing respect
  3. (Christianity) Father
  4. (archaic) parent

Usage notes[edit]

Originally patro meant "parent", while the derivatives patrulo meant "father" and patrino meant "mother", but in later times this was changed so patro meant father, while adding genitoro and matro to mean "parent" and "mother".

Hypernyms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • patr-o in Ido-English Dictionary by L. H. Dyer, 1924

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From pater.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

patrō (present infinitive patrāre, perfect active patrāvī, supine patrātum); first conjugation

  1. I bring about, accomplish
  2. I ejaculate

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of patro (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present patrō patrās patrat patrāmus patrātis patrant
imperfect patrābam patrābās patrābat patrābāmus patrābātis patrābant
future patrābō patrābis patrābit patrābimus patrābitis patrābunt
perfect patrāvī patrāvistī, patrāsti1 patrāvit patrāvimus patrāvistis, patrāstis1 patrāvērunt, patrāvēre
pluperfect patrāveram patrāverās patrāverat patrāverāmus patrāverātis patrāverant
future perfect patrāverō patrāveris patrāverit patrāverimus patrāveritis patrāverint
passive present patror patrāris, patrāre patrātur patrāmur patrāminī patrantur
imperfect patrābar patrābāris, patrābāre patrābātur patrābāmur patrābāminī patrābantur
future patrābor patrāberis, patrābere patrābitur patrābimur patrābiminī patrābuntur
perfect patrātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect patrātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect patrātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present patrem patrēs patret patrēmus patrētis patrent
imperfect patrārem patrārēs patrāret patrārēmus patrārētis patrārent
perfect patrāverim patrāverīs patrāverit patrāverīmus patrāverītis patrāverint
pluperfect patrāvissem, patrāssem1 patrāvissēs, patrāsses1 patrāvisset, patrāsset1 patrāvissēmus, patrāssemus1 patrāvissētis, patrāssetis1 patrāvissent, patrāssent1
passive present patrer patrēris, patrēre patrētur patrēmur patrēminī patrentur
imperfect patrārer patrārēris, patrārēre patrārētur patrārēmur patrārēminī patrārentur
perfect patrātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect patrātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present patrā patrāte
future patrātō patrātō patrātōte patrantō
passive present patrāre patrāminī
future patrātor patrātor patrantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives patrāre patrāvisse, patrāsse1 patrātūrus esse patrārī patrātus esse patrātum īrī
participles patrāns patrātūrus patrātus patrandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
patrāre patrandī patrandō patrandum patrātum patrātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • patro in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • patro in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • patro” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • patro in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[1]
  • 1826, Pierre Pierrugues, Glossarium Eroticum Linguae Latinae, pages 381-382.

Novial[edit]

Noun[edit]

patro m (plural patros)

  1. father

Coordinate terms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]