peculium (plural peculia)
- (law, historical) The savings of a son or a slave, with the father's or master's consent; a little property or stock of one's own.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Burrill to this entry?)
- A special fund for private and personal uses.
- Sir Walter Scott
- Still, however, he gained something, and it was the glory of his heart to carry it to Mr MacMorlan weekly, a slight peculium only subtracted, to supply his snuff-box and tobacco-pouch.
- Sir Walter Scott
Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for peculium in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)
- (Classical) IPA(key): /peˈkuː.li.um/, [pɛˈkuː.li.ũ]
- (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /peˈku.li.um/, [peˈkuː.li̯um]
Often used in Ancient Rome to refer to the payment a teaching slave would occasionally collect from his students.
- peculium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- peculium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- du Cange, Charles (1883), “peculium”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
- peculium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
- peculium in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
- peculium in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin