per se

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See also: perse and Perse

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin per se (by itself), from per (by, through) and se (itself, himself, herself, themselves).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

per se (not comparable)

  1. necessarily
  2. In and of itself; by itself; without consideration of extraneous factors.
    The law makes drunk driving illegal per se.
    As your substitute teacher, my issue is not about your respect for me per se, but to see that you are not causing disruptions for other students or giving me a bad impression of yourself.
  3. (chiefly in negative polarity environments) As such; as one would expect from the name.
    Well, that's not correct per se, but the situation is something like that.
  4. (law) As a matter of law.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Because this is originally a Latin phrase, it is sometimes italicized when it is written.

Quotations[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (obsolete since spelling reform of 1995) persé

Etymology[edit]

From Latin per se (by itself), from per (by, through) and se (itself, himself, herself, themselves).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

per se

  1. necessarily, absolutely, without fail
  2. on purpose
  3. (rare) per se

Usage notes[edit]

The ‘necessity’ meaning is the usual one; the original Latin meaning as in English is rarely used and can be misunderstood.

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Prepositional phrase[edit]

per

  1. per se
  2. by itself
  3. through itself

Portuguese[edit]

Adverb[edit]

per se (not comparable)

  1. per se (without considering extraneous factors)