- In and of itself; by itself; without consideration of extraneous factors.
- The law makes drunk driving illegal per se.
- As your substitute teacher, my issue is not about your respect for me per se, but to see that you are not causing disruptions for other students or giving me a bad impression of yourself.
- (chiefly in negative polarity environments) As such; as one would expect from the name.
- Well, that's not correct per se, but the situation is something like that.
- (law) As a matter of law.
- Because this is originally a Latin phrase, it is sometimes italicized when it is written.
- For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:per se.
necessarily — see necessarily
- (obsolete since spelling reform of 1995) persé
The ‘necessity’ meaning is the usual one; the original Latin meaning as in English is rarely used and can be misunderstood.
- per se
- by itself
- through itself
- per se (without considering extraneous factors)