pericarp

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French péricarpe, from New Latin pericarpium, from Ancient Greek περικάρπιον (perikárpion, pod, husk, shell), from περι- (peri-, around) + καρπός (karpós, fruit). By surface analysis, peri- +‎ -carp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pericarp (plural pericarps)

  1. (botany) The outermost layer, or skin, of a ripe fruit or ovary.
    • 1880, The Farmer's Magazine, page 208:
      When, as in the cherry, the different layers of the pericarp are well-defined and largely developed, they received distinctive names ; the outer skin is the epicarp (epi, upon, carpon, a fruit), the middle fleshy part is the mesocarp (mesos, middle) ; and the innermost hard shell is the endocarp (endos, within) ; in other words the pericarp is made up of epicarp, mesocarp, and endocarp. [] In all normal fruits these three layers of the pericarp are present [] .
    • 1928, Journal of Agricultural Research, page 582:
      The pericarp of sorghums of the factorial titution BBSSrr, BBSsrr, BbsSrr, and BbSsrr may possess some t degree of coloration even though the pericarp color factor R is nt.
    • 1992 August 20, Jim C. Forbes; James C. Forbes; Drennan Watson, Plants in Agriculture, Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 180:
      Many fruits show differentiation of the pericarp into layers – the plum, for example, has a thin outer pericarp forming the skin, a succulent middle pericarp forming the flesh and a stony inner pericarp surrounding the single seed.
    • 2009, Stanley P. Cauvain; Linda S. Young, The ICC Handbook of Cereals, Flour, Dough & Product Testing: Methods and Applications, DEStech Publications, Inc, →ISBN, page 207:
      One important difference is the pericarp of sorghum is more bran-like and contains starch granules in the cells. However, as with maize, the sorghum pericarp is often referred to as a “hull” and is generally removed during processing.
  2. (rare, figuratively) The outer layer of anything.
    • 1974, Guy Davenport, Tatlin!:
      He learned, afternoon after afternoon, how to edge her into delicious frenzies, how to tremble the clitoris, pericarp, and tip.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Latin pericarpium, from Ancient Greek περικάρπιον (perikárpion).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌpeː.riˈkɑrp/, [ˌpɪː.riˈkɑrp]
  • Hyphenation: pe‧ri‧carp
  • Rhymes: -ɑrp

Noun[edit]

pericarp n (uncountable)

  1. pericarp

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French péricarpe.

Noun[edit]

pericarp n (plural pericarpe)

  1. pericarp

Declension[edit]