periculum (plural pericula)
- (law) accident or casus, as distinguished from dolus and culpa, and hence relieving one from the duty of performing an obligation
Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
From *periri, a base derived from Proto-Indo-European *per- (“to attempt, try, research, risk”) (see also Dutch gevaar (“danger, risk, peril”), German Gefahr (“danger, risk, hazard”), Swedish fara (“danger, risk, peril”)) + suffix -culum. Also related to experiri.
- A trial, experiment, attempt, proof; essay.
- A risk, hazard, danger, peril; ruin, destruction.
- (law) A trial, action, suit; writ of judgment or judgement, sentence.
- A (attack of) sickness.
Second declension neuter.
- (experiment, proof, trial): experientia, experīmentum, tentāmentum, tentātiō
- (judgment or judgement): iūdicium
- (suit, trial): causa