peristyle

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See also: péristyle

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From French péristyle, from Classical Latin peristȳlum, peristȳlium, from Ancient Greek περιστῡ́λιον (peristū́lion), περίστυλον (perístulon), noun use of the neuter form of περίστυλος (perístulos, surrounded by columns), from περί (perí) + στῦλος (stûlos, pillar).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

peristyle (plural peristyles)

  1. A colonnade surrounding a courtyard, temple, etc., or the yard enclosed by such columns. [from 17th c.]
    • 1942, Rebecca West, Black Lamb and Grey Falcon, Canongate 2006, page 143:
      One cannot, for example, see the Temple of Æsculapius as one stands in the fine open courtyard as it was intended one should do; the interstices on that side of the peristyle have been blocked by Venetian Gothic buildings.
  2. A porch surrounded by columns. [from 17th c.]
  3. (voodoo) A sacred roofed courtyard with a central pillar (the potomitan), used as a space for voodoo ceremonies, either alone or as an adjunct to an enclosed temple or altar-room.
    • 1953, Maya Deren, Divine Horsemen, McPherson & Company 2004, p. 47:
      The peristyle is a roofed structure, open at the sides, in which most of the ceremonials and dances take place.
    • 2007, Kevin Filan, The Haitian Vodou Handbook, Destiny Books 2007, p. 35:
      Most peristyles in Haiti have hard-packed dirt floors that can soak up libations when they're poured on the ground in honor of the spirits.

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