philosophy

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English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English philosophie, Old French philosophie, and their source, Latin philosophia, from Ancient Greek φιλοσοφία ‎(philosophía), from φίλος ‎(phílos, loving) + σοφία ‎(sophía, wisdom).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

philosophy ‎(countable and uncountable, plural philosophies)

  1. (uncountable, originally) The love of wisdom.
  2. (uncountable) An academic discipline that seeks truth through reasoning rather than empiricism.
    Philosophy is often divided into five major branches: logic, metaphysics, epistemology, ethics and aesthetics.
  3. (countable) A comprehensive system of belief.
  4. (countable) A view or outlook regarding fundamental principles underlying some domain.
    a philosophy of government;   a philosophy of education
  5. (countable) A general principle (usually moral).
  6. (archaic) A broader branch of (non-applied) science.
  7. (French printing, dated) Synonym of small pica.

Meronyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

philosophy ‎(third-person singular simple present philosophies, present participle philosophying, simple past and past participle philosophied)

  1. (now rare) To philosophize.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • philosophy” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).
  • philosophy” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, v1.0.1, Lexico Publishing Group, 2006.