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See also: pīrum


Alternative forms[edit]


A loanword from an unknown Mediterranean substrate source, original form something like (a)pisom reflected also in Ancient Greek ᾰ̓́πῐον (ápion, pear) and ᾰ̓́πῐος (ápios, pear tree).



pirum n (genitive pirī); second declension

  1. a pear (fruit)
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Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pirum pira
Genitive pirī pirōrum
Dative pirō pirīs
Accusative pirum pira
Ablative pirō pirīs
Vocative pirum pira

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • pĭrum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pirum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pirum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • pirum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 467