From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: pīrum


Alternative forms[edit]


A loanword from an unknown Mediterranean substrate source, original form something like (a)pisom reflected also in Ancient Greek ᾰ̓́πῐον (ápion, pear) and ᾰ̓́πῐος (ápios, pear tree). Also compare Aramaic 𐡐𐡀𐡓𐡀 (pera, fruit).



pirum n (genitive pirī); second declension

  1. a pear (fruit)
This entry needs quotations to illustrate usage. If you come across any interesting, durably archived quotes then please add them!


Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pirum pira
Genitive pirī pirōrum
Dative pirō pirīs
Accusative pirum pira
Ablative pirō pirīs
Vocative pirum pira

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • pĭrum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pirum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pirum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • pirum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 467