plegen

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Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch plien, later plēgen, originally a class 4 strong verb. Presumably from Old Dutch *plian, from Proto-Germanic *plehaną (to vouch for). However, the form plegan already occurs in Old Saxon with -g-, and likewise for Old High German pflegan, so it is not certain what the exact relationship between the words is.

Verb[edit]

plegen

  1. to do (something) habitually, customarily
    • Mijn grootvader pleegt na het middageten een pijp te roken.
      • My grandfather usually smokes a pipe after lunch.
  2. to usually happen
    • Op onze wandelvakanties placht het vaak te regenen.
      • On our trekking holidays, it often rained.
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of plegen (weak with past in -cht)
infinitive plegen
past singular placht
past participle geplacht
infinitive plegen
gerund plegen n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular pleeg placht
2nd person sing. (jij) pleegt placht
2nd person sing. (u) pleegt placht
2nd person sing. (gij) pleegt placht
3rd person singular pleegt placht
plural plegen plachten
subjunctive sing.1 plege plachte
subjunctive plur.1 plegen plachten
imperative sing. pleeg
imperative plur.1 pleegt
participles plegend geplacht
1) Archaic.

Etymology 2[edit]

From the same origin as above. The formation of the weak past occurred in early modern Dutch.

Verb[edit]

plegen

  1. to commit (a crime)
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of plegen (weak)
infinitive plegen
past singular pleegde
past participle gepleegd
infinitive plegen
gerund plegen n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular pleeg pleegde
2nd person sing. (jij) pleegt pleegde
2nd person sing. (u) pleegt pleegde
2nd person sing. (gij) pleegt pleegde
3rd person singular pleegt pleegde
plural plegen pleegden
subjunctive sing.1 plege pleegde
subjunctive plur.1 plegen pleegden
imperative sing. pleeg
imperative plur.1 pleegt
participles plegend gepleegd
1) Archaic.
Derived terms[edit]

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Presumably from earlier plien, and thus from Old Dutch *plian, from Proto-Germanic *plehaną (to vouch for). However, the form plegan already occurs in Old Saxon with -g-, and likewise for Old High German pflegan, so it is not certain what the exact relationship between the words is.

Verb[edit]

plēgen

  1. to care for
  2. to carry out, to do, to engage in
  3. to do habitually
  4. to use

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Alternative forms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • pleghen (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • plegen”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929