plumb

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See also: Plumb and plumb-

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English plumbe, plumme, from Old French *plombe, from Latin plumba, plural of plumbum.

Adjective[edit]

plumb (comparative more plumb, superlative most plumb)

  1. Truly vertical, as indicated by a plumb line.
  2. (cricket) Describing an LBW where the batsman is hit on the pads directly in front of their wicket and should be given out.
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Translations[edit]

Adverb[edit]

plumb (not comparable)

  1. In a vertical direction; perpendicularly.
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost
      Plumb down he drops.
  2. (informal) Squarely, directly; completely.
    It hit him plumb in the middle of his face.
    Years ago the well plumb dried out, not a drop of water in there since.
    • 1934, Agatha Christie, chapter 9, in Murder on the Orient Express, London: HarperCollins, published 2017, page 143:
      'Are you sure of that, M. Hardman?' 'I'm plumb certain.'.
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

plumb (plural plumbs)

  1. A little mass of lead, or the like, attached to a line, and used by builders, etc., to indicate a vertical direction.
  2. (nautical) A weight on the end of a long line, used by sailors to determine the depth of water.
  3. The perpendicular direction or position.
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Verb[edit]

plumb (third-person singular simple present plumbs, present participle plumbing, simple past and past participle plumbed)

  1. To determine the depth, generally of a liquid; to sound.
  2. To attach to a water supply and drain.
  3. (transitive, figuratively) To think about or explore in depth, to get to the bottom of, especially to plumb the depths of.
    • 2011, Catherine Lanigan, The Texan:
      Delving to the core of her heart, his blue-green eyes plumbed her psyche, stripping it of all defenses, all resolve.
    • 2021 May 29, David Hytner, “Chelsea win Champions League after Kai Havertz stuns Manchester City”, in The Guardian[1]:
      The pressure had been on City, on Guardiola, to deliver the trophy that Sheikh Mansour has craved since his takeover in 2008 but it was an occasion when the manager found a new way to lose, to plumb fresh depths of frustration.
  4. To use a plumb bob as a measuring or aligning tool.
  5. To accurately align vertically or horizontally.
  6. (dated) To seal something with lead.
  7. (intransitive) To work as a plumber.
  8. (rare) To fall or sink like a plummet.
  9. (US, colloquial, figuratively, obsolete) To trace a road or track; to follow it to its end.
  10. (nautical) To position vertically above or below.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

plumb (plural plumbs)

  1. Obsolete form of plum (the fruit).
    • 1767, Select Essays on Husbandry
      Without attending to sub-divisions, all the pears are of one species, as well as all the apples, plumbs, peaches, cherries, lemons, citrons, oranges []

Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed through Vulgar Latin from Latin plumbum (lead).[2]

Noun[edit]

plumb m (definite singular plumbi)

  1. lead (metal)
  2. bullet

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fialuur i voghel Sccyp e ltinisct (Small Dictionary of Albanian and Latin), page 109, by P. Jak Junkut, 1895, Sckoder
  2. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “plumb”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 336

Romanian[edit]

Chemical element
Pb
Previous: taliu (Tl)
Next: bismut (Bi)

Etymology[edit]

From Latin plumbum (lead).

Noun[edit]

plumb n (uncountable)

  1. lead (metal)
    Plumbul este otrăvitor pentru oameni.
    Lead is poisonous to humans.
  2. lead (chemical element)

Declension[edit]

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Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

plumb m (plural plumbi)

  1. bullet, projectile

Declension[edit]

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Noun[edit]

plumb n (plural plumburi)

  1. (dated, chiefly Moldavia) pencil

Declension[edit]

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