- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈpɒpi/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈpɑpi/
Audio (GA) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɒpi
- Hyphenation: pop‧py
The noun is derived from Late Middle English poppy, Middle English popy, popi, popie (“plant of the genus Papaver; poppy seeds used as a spice”) [and other forms], from Old English popiġ (“poppy”), Early Old English popeġ, popaeġ, popæġ, popei [and other forms], perhaps from Late Latin *papavum, popauer, from Latin papāver (“poppy”), possibly from a reduplication of Proto-Indo-European *péh₂wr̥ (“bonfire”).
Sense 3 (“artificial poppy flower to remember those who died in the two World Wars and other armed conflicts”) reflects the efforts of American professor and humanitarian Moina Michael (1869–1944) to popularize the wearing of artificial poppies in remembrance of those who fought and died in World War I; she was inspired by the poem “In Flanders Fields” (1915) by the Canadian poet and soldier John McCrae (1872–1918): see the quotation.
The adjective is derived from the noun.
poppy (plural poppies)
- Any plant of the genus Papaver or the family Papaveraceae, with crumpled, often red, petals and a milky juice having narcotic properties; especially the common poppy or corn poppy (Papaver rhoeas) which has orange-red flowers; the flower of such a plant.
- 1915 May 3 (date composed), John McCrae, “In Flanders Fields”, in Punch, or The London Charivari, London: Published at the office, 85, Fleet Street, published 8 December 1915, →OCLC; republished in In Flanders Fields and Other Poems, New York, N.Y., London: G[eorge] P[almer] Putnam’s Sons […], 1919, →OCLC, page 3:
- In Flanders fields the poppies blow / Between the crosses, row on row, / That mark our place; [...] / If ye break faith with us who die / We shall not sleep, though poppies grow / In Flanders fields.
- 1918 November 9, Moina Michael, We Shall Keep the Faith; quoted in Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the First Session of the Sixty-ninth Congress of the United States of America (United States House of Representatives), volume LXVII, part 4, Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office, 1926 February 10, →ISSN, →OCLC, page 3717, column 2:
- We cherish, too, the poppy red / That grows on fields where valor led; / It seems to signal to the skies / That blood of heroes never dies, / [...] / And now the torch and poppy red / We wear in honor of our dead. / Fear not that ye have died for naught; / We've learned the lesson that ye taught / In Flanders fields.
- A bright red colour tinted with orange, like that of the common poppy flower.
- (chiefly Australia, Britain, Canada) A simple artificial poppy flower worn in a buttonhole or displayed in other contexts to remember those who died in the two World Wars and other armed conflicts, especially around Remembrance Day/Remembrance Sunday.
- 2011 November 10, Jeremy Wilson, “England under 21 5 Iceland under 21 0: Match report”, in Tony Gallagher, editor, The Daily Telegraph, London: Telegraph Media Group, →ISSN, →OCLC, archived from the original on 11 November 2011:
- Troops from the garrison town formed a guard of honour for both sets of players, who emerged for the national anthem with poppies proudly stitched into their tracksuit jackets.
- alpine poppy, arctic poppy (Papaver pygneum, Papaver nudicaule)
- blue poppy (Meconopsis, especially Meconopsis betonicifolia)
- bush poppy (Dendromecan rigida)
- California poppy (Eschscholzia californica)
- celandine poppy (Stylophorum diphyllum)
- common poppy (Papaver rhoeas)
- corn poppy (Papaver rhoeas)
- field poppy (Papaver rhoeas)
- flaming poppy (Papaver heterophyllum, syn. Meconopsis heterophylla)
- Flanders poppy (Papaver rhoeas)
- garden poppy (Papaver somniferum)
- golden poppy (Eschscholzia californica et al.)
- green poppy (Digitalis spp.)
- horn poppy, horned poppy (Glaucum flavum)
- Iceland poppy (Papaver nudicaule)
- Matilija poppy
- matilija poppy (Romneya)
- Mexican poppy (Argemone mexicana)
- opium poppy (Papaver somniferum)
- Oriental poppy (Papaver orientale)
- plume poppy (Macleaya spp.)
- poppy bee (Anthocopa papaveris)
- Poppy Day
- poppy head
- poppy mallow (Callirhoe spp.)
- poppy red
- poppyseed, poppy seed
- poppy seed test
- poppy straw
- poppy tears
- prickly poppy (Argemone mexicana)
- red poppy (Papaver rhoeas)
- sea poppy (Glaucum flavum)
- Shirley poppy
- spatling poppy (Silene inflata)
- Svalbard poppy (Papaver dahlianum)
- tall poppy
- tall poppy syndrome
- thistle poppy, thorn poppy (Argemone mexicana)
- Tibetan poppy (Meconopsis)
- tree poppy
- tulip poppy (Papaver glaucum, Hunnemannia fumariaefoliae)
- water poppy (Hydrocleis nymphoides)
- Welsh poppy (Meconopsis cambrica)
- western poppy (Papaver californicum)
- white poppy (Papaver somniferum)
- wind poppy (Papaver heterophyllum, syn. Meconopsis heterophylla)
- wood poppy (Stylophorum diphyllum)
- yellow poppy (Argemone mexicana, Stylophorum diphyllum)
- → Japanese: ポピー (popī)
- (reds) red; blood red, brick red, burgundy, cardinal, carmine, carnation, cerise, cherry, cherry red, Chinese red, cinnabar, claret, crimson, damask, fire brick, fire engine red, flame, flamingo, fuchsia, garnet, geranium, gules, hot pink, incarnadine, Indian red, magenta, maroon, misty rose, nacarat, oxblood, pillar-box red, pink, Pompeian red, poppy, raspberry, red violet, rose, rouge, ruby, ruddy, salmon, sanguine, scarlet, shocking pink, stammel, strawberry, Turkey red, Venetian red, vermillion, vinaceous, vinous, violet red, wine (Category: en:Reds)
- Having a popping or bursting sound.
- Of a beverage: resembling soda pop; effervescent, fizzy.
- Of eyes: protruding, sticking out.
- Synonym: bulging
- (dated) Popular.
- (music) Typical, or in the style, of pop music.
poppy (plural poppies)
- (endearing) One's father or grandfather, or a male authority figure having similar standing.
- ^ “popī(e, n.(1)”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- ^ “poppy, n.”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2006; “poppy1, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.
- ^ “poppy, adj.1”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2006.
- ^ “poppy, adj.2”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2006; “poppy2, adj.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.