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From prae- +‎ caedō (cut; strike).



praecīdō (present infinitive praecīdere, perfect active praecīdī, supine praecīsum); third conjugation

  1. I cut off in front or through; shorten; sever, separate.
    • c. 27 CE – 66 CE, Petronius, Satyricon 1:
      Et ideō ego adulēscentulōs existimō in scholīs stultissimōs fierī, quia nihil ex hīs, quae in ūsū habēmus, aut audiunt aut vident, sed pirātās cum catēnīs in lītore stantēs, sed tyrannōs ēdicta scrībentēs, quibus imperent fīliīs ut patrum suōrum capita praecīdant, sed respōnsa in pestilentiam data, ut virginēs trēs aut plūrēs immolentur, sed mellītōs verbōrum globulōs et omnia dicta factaque quasi papāvere et sēsamō sparsa.
      And this is why I consider that teens become most stupid in schools, because they neither hear nor see anything of those that we have in use, but pirates with chains standing on the shore, but tyrants writing edicts, by which they order that sons cut off the heads of their fathers, but oracles given in plagues, that three or more maidens be immolated, but balls of honeyed words and all that's said and done as if besprinkled with poppy and sesame seeds.
  2. I beat to pieces, batter, smash.
  3. (nautical) I cut off or across, avoid, sail straight.
  4. (of discourse) I cut short, abridge; I am brief; break off or finish abruptly.
    • 106 BCE – 43 BCE, Cicero, Academica 2.43.133:
      'Praecide,' inquit, 'statue aliquandō quidlibet!'
      'Cut it short,' he says, 'decide something at once!'
  5. I break off, cut off, end, destroy.
  6. I deny flatly, refuse, decline.
    • 106 BCE – 43 BCE, Cicero, Epistulae ad Atticum 8.4.2:
      Numquam reor cuiquam tam humilī, tam sordidō, tam nocentī, tam aliēnō tam praecīsē negāvī quam hic mihi plānē sine ūllā exceptiōne praecīdit. Nihil cognōvī ingrātius; in quō vitiō nihil malī nōn inest. Sed dē hōc nimis multa.
      Never do I think I have so absolutely refused someone, no matter how lowly, how dirty, how wicked, how unknown to me as this one denied me plainly without any exception. I have experienced nothing more ungrateful; in which vice nothing of vileness is not. But enough of this.


   Conjugation of praecīdō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present praecīdō praecīdis praecīdit praecīdimus praecīditis praecīdunt
imperfect praecīdēbam praecīdēbās praecīdēbat praecīdēbāmus praecīdēbātis praecīdēbant
future praecīdam praecīdēs praecīdet praecīdēmus praecīdētis praecīdent
perfect praecīdī praecīdistī praecīdit praecīdimus praecīdistis praecīdērunt,
pluperfect praecīderam praecīderās praecīderat praecīderāmus praecīderātis praecīderant
future perfect praecīderō praecīderis praecīderit praecīderimus praecīderitis praecīderint
passive present praecīdor praecīderis,
praecīditur praecīdimur praecīdiminī praecīduntur
imperfect praecīdēbar praecīdēbāris,
praecīdēbātur praecīdēbāmur praecīdēbāminī praecīdēbantur
future praecīdar praecīdēris,
praecīdētur praecīdēmur praecīdēminī praecīdentur
perfect praecīsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect praecīsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect praecīsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present praecīdam praecīdās praecīdat praecīdāmus praecīdātis praecīdant
imperfect praecīderem praecīderēs praecīderet praecīderēmus praecīderētis praecīderent
perfect praecīderim praecīderīs praecīderit praecīderīmus praecīderītis praecīderint
pluperfect praecīdissem praecīdissēs praecīdisset praecīdissēmus praecīdissētis praecīdissent
passive present praecīdar praecīdāris,
praecīdātur praecīdāmur praecīdāminī praecīdantur
imperfect praecīderer praecīderēris,
praecīderētur praecīderēmur praecīderēminī praecīderentur
perfect praecīsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect praecīsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present praecīde praecīdite
future praecīditō praecīditō praecīditōte praecīduntō
passive present praecīdere praecīdiminī
future praecīditor praecīditor praecīduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives praecīdere praecīdisse praecīsūrum esse praecīdī praecīsum esse praecīsum īrī
participles praecīdēns praecīsūrus praecīsus praecīdendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
praecīdendī praecīdendō praecīdendum praecīdendō praecīsum praecīsū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • Italian: precidere


  • praecido”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • praecido”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • praecido in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette